I will begin this article by saying a few words about the role of human and fundamental rights in Finland, one of the countries where the Sámi live. Following this general review, I will deal with the guarantees that International Human Rights Law and the Constitutions of Finland, Norway, Sweden and Russia provide for the Sámi as an indigenous people. After that I will then go on to examine how fundamental rights of the Sámi have been implemented in Finland. And finally, I will ask whether human and fundamental rights can be invoked in order to improve the position of the Sámi in an increasingly globalised world.
Concerns have recently been raised regarding the potential impact of the gradual rise of extractive industrial activities in the Sápmi region,
particularly on the rights of the large number of indigenous Sámi people living there. Environmental challenges are one of the most significant
The Sámi people are an ethnic minority who have their traditional lands in the northern parts of Scandinavia, Finland, including the Kola Peninsula in the Russian Federation, numbering between 50,000–80,000 persons. 2 By ratifying the International Labour Organization Convention
The article examines the common global phenomenon of indigenous urbanization. In Finland, more than 75% of the indigenous Sámi children are born outside the Sámi Homeland area. The development is fast and poses different kind of challenges for the entire Sámi society and culture. Youth and women are more likely to settle in urban areas and it is their Sáminess that is to survive or die in the cities. Indigenousness is no longer tied with traditional livelihoods or land use but instead requires other forms of cultural maintenance. In the contemporary situation Sámi have started through their own associations and networks require more appropriate services in the cities, including Sámi language learning in the schools and kindergartens. This is not always satisfactory. The article evaluates the existing international and domestic (Finland) legislation in regard to Sámi language, but also the implementation of these rights in practice.
The author would like to acknowledge that the article is based on a joint research project called NUORGÁV – An urban future for Sápmi?, between Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia, where it is studied how Sámi youth organise and network to impact urban Sámi policy. The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway and administrated by Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR).
Tribute to Early Sámi Methodological Thinkers
Viimmát álbmot oaźźu sáni
Beassá cealkit šikkotkeahttá
Doalvut dieđuid dálá dilis
(From a poem written by Issát Sámmol Hætta for the 10th anniversary of the Nordic
THE SAMI PEOPLE IN THE SIGHT OF SWEDISH LAW By Advocate Tomas Cramér, Sami Ombudsman* We have been in court on the issues of the taxed mountains in Jamttand and Harje- dalen. The litigation has been for seven months in the Supreme Court of Sweden. It ended on 6 May 1980. Of course I cannot here