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Instances of Ritualisation Among Islamist Men in Contemporary Iran
Author: David Thurfjell
This book is about Iranian Islamism on grass-roots level. It provides a vivid, near-life portrait of young activist men who uphold this movement through their zealous support of revolutionary ideals and the present regime. It is based on interviews with a group of volunteers in the Iranian home guard movement known as basij during a period of four years. By focusing on beliefs and rituals of individual persons, it gives a unique picture of the shifting motifs behind Islamist engagement in today’s Iran.
The book contextualises the interviewed individuals within the wider framework of Iranian society and relates their stories to a discussion on ritual, emotion, embodiment and authority. It is of interest to anyone who seeks to understand the multifaceted driving forces behind Shi’ite Islamism today.
A Study of the Role Played by the Persian Residents of Iraq in Iranian Politics
Author: Hairi
Author: Khalid Sindawi


The present study's objective is to analyze the phenomenon of the mustabsirūn in Twelver Shī'ism in modern times. The term mustabsir is used among (Twelver) Shī'ites to refer to someone who has left his previous faith, converted to Shī'ism and adopted its doctrines. In this study we inquire into the meaning of the term in general, in the Qur'ān and its commentaries, and as a specific term. We examine the motivation for conversion to Shī'ism, the types and status of converts and the reasons which drive them to convert, the pressures and threats which converts face from Sunnī circles and how converts cope with these and respond to the attacks on them. The study also surveys mustabsir websites and their contents, books which such converts have written, describing their conversion experience, as well as factors which have contributed to the popularity of the conversion movement, among them the support which Iranian cultural missions provide to converts, the Lebanon War of 2006 and the burgeoning popularity of Hasan Nasr Allāh, the political protection which many converts enjoy, monetary and economic emoluments given to converts, and Shī'ite satellite TV stations and websites. The study's main conclusion is that the terms mustabsir ("he who has had his eyes opened", convert to Twelver Shī'ism) and istibsār (the verbal noun: conversion) have taken on a clear and definite meaning, denoting a real trend in recent years, although still relatively limited in scope, so that at present and in the foreseeable future Sunnī Muslims have no reason to fear this trend.

In: Die Welt des Islams
Author: Chibli Mallat

141 SHI'ISM AND SUNNISM IN IRAQ: REVISITING THE CODES Chibli Mallat* INTRODUCTION Our purpose is to examine the significance of the Sunni-Shi'i unity (or divide) in Iraq upon the adoption of a unified Code of Personal Status in 1959. By way of caveat, it must be emphasised at the outset that

In: Arab Law Quarterly

foreign policy since the Iranian Islamic revolution of 1979. Th e main questions to be dealt with are: what influences has the Iranian Islamic revolution had on foreign policy orientation and formulation of the Islamic Republic of Iran? What influences has Shi’ism had on foreign policy formulation in Iran

In: Perspectives on Global Development and Technology

of scholars in the field – Shi‘ism: Doctrines , Thought , and Spirituality (1988) and Expectation of the Millennium: Shi‘ism in History (1989). Since then he has published, among other works, Theology of Discontent: The Ideological Foundations of the Islamic Revolution in Iran (1993) and

In: Die Welt des Islams

CHAPTER 5 On the Attitude of Imami Shi'ism to the Umayyads and the ~bbasids The discussion of the Imami attitude to the early enemies of the Shi'a - namely, those belonging to the generation of the Companions of the Prophet - occupies a central position in Imami Qur'an exegesis and has been

In: Scripture and Exegesis in Early Imāmī Shiism
Author: Najam Haider


I propose a narrative for the emergence of sectarian consciousness rooted in distinctive ritual practice and geographical space. This differs from recent studies of early Imāmī Shī'ism which tend to focus on historical struggles for political power or theological disputes about religious authority (i.e., the imāmate). I conclude that an observable proto-Imāmī identity began to crystallize in early 2nd/8th century Kūfa. In an urban environment characterized by a growing correlation between communal identity and ritual practice, the Imāmīs carved out distinctive sacred spaces in Kūfa, frequenting a set of revered mosques and avoiding others associated with hostile elements. Over time, Imāmīs increasingly emphasized smaller pilgrimages (ziyārāt) to shrines and other locations of historical and religious significance (e.g., 'Alī's shrine and al-Husayn's grave in Karbalā'). By the early 5th/11th century, participation in large processions to holy sites constituted a clear public declaration of communal loyalty.

In: Islamic Law and Society
Islamic Studies in Honour of D.S. Richards
Editor: Chase Robinson
The volume brings together 17 articles by leading Islamicists and Arabists, on a variety of topics in Medieval and Early Modern times, including the Qur‘ān, Shi'ism, Ἁbbāsid historiography, the Crusaders, and Mamluk history.
Author: Ali Farazmand

Iranian Revolution and on the Islamic Government, and aspects of Shia radicalism and Iranian national character are analyzed in some details. It is argued that the Iranian innovation in introducing Shi'ism as a minority, radical sect of Islam has been a manifestation of Iranian national character of

In: International Journal on Minority and Group Rights