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To European observers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Spanish empire had become a model of what not to do. Although early generations of British and French explorers in the Americas sought to emulate the pursuit of Indian gold, the political theorists of Spain’s rivals soon

In: Journal of Early American History

well as Japanese furniture, folding screens, and jewels – were involved in the transmission of products shipped under order and gift transfer in the Spanish Empire in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. A related concern is identifying which social groups took part in the transmission of Asian

In: The Atlantic World and the Manila Galleons

Until this juncture in the narrative, it may seem that the Manila galleons and the re-exportation of Asian goods within the Spanish Empire amounted to a lucrative trade, one that benefited rich merchants from all areas of the Empire and that was disrupted only when agents external to the monarchy

In: The Atlantic World and the Manila Galleons
A Vitruvian Artisan at the Dawn of the Scientific Revolution
Janello Torriani, known in the Spanish-speaking world as Juanelo Turriano (Cremona, Italy ca. 1500 – Toledo, Spain 1585), is the greatest among Renaissance inventors and constructors of machines. Contemporary literates and mathematicians celebrated Janello Torriani and his creations in their writings. It is striking how such fame turned into nearly complete oblivion, leaving only a few clues of a blurred and distorted memory dispersed here and there. This book wishes to show the central role that artisans formed in the Vitruvian tradition played in demonstrating through practical mathematics an increasing and positive control over Nature, a step rooted in humanist culture and foundational for the understanding of those historical processes known as the Scientific and the Industrial Revolutions.

Sarah E. Owens, Nuns Navigating the Spanish Empire , Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2017, 208 pp., ISBN 9780826358943. $29.95. Sarah Owens begins Nuns Navigating the Spanish Empire with a reflection upon the painting “Sor Jerónima de la Fuente” (1620) by none other than a

In: Journal of Early Modern History