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Itzchak Weismann

University of Haifa
 Salafism is the major ideology-cum-theology underlying modern Sunni Islamic thought. Though ill-defined and claimed (or disclaimed) by different, even contradictory, movements and orientations, its basic elements seem fairly clear. As implied by

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Alexander Thurston

 How can scholars reliably identify Salafīs, particularly when Salafism has become a deeply contested term, both among Muslims and Western scholars? One major indication of Salafī identity is the use of a short but influential text, the Prophet Muḥammad’s Khuṭbat al-ḥāja (Sermon of

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Localising Salafism

Religious Change among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia


Terje Østebø

The political transition in 1991 and the new regime’s policy towards the ethnic and religious diversity in Ethiopia have contributed to increased activities from various Islamic reform movements. Among these, we find the Salafi movement which expanded rapidly throughout the 1990s, particularly in the Oromo-speaking south-eastern parts of the country. This book sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale. Focusing on the diversified body of situated actors and their role in the process of religious change, it discusses the early arrival of Salafism in the late 1960s, follows it through the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion of the movement in the 1990s. The movement’s dynamics and the controversies emerging as a result of the reforms are discussed, particularly with reference to different understandings of sources for religious knowledge and the role of Islamic literacy.
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Aaron Rock-Singer

In 1951, a luminary of contemporary Salafism, 1 Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī (d. 1999), declared that women must cover their heads but are under no obligation to conceal their faces or hands as they move outside the home. 2 By the mid-1970s, however, this had become a minority position among

Juynboll, Th. W.

done, delivery can be demanded immediately. In the view of the other Fiḳh-schools, however, it is absolutely essential to state a short period at least for delivery. The faḳīh’s in the Ḥid̲j̲āz usually called this kind of purchase salam but in the ʿIrāḳ the name salaf was usual.

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Einas Ahmed

the political and spectrum. 3 The new political pragmatism of the Islamists is concomitant with the rise of militant Salafism and a certain political populism. The development of these new trends is largely a reaction to the increasing preeminence of political interests among the Islamists to the

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Terje Østebø

Introduction The Malian conflict in 2012, the continued al-Shabaab insurgency in Somalia, the violence perpetuated by Boko Haram in Nigeria, and the Islamic State’s offensive in Iraq have significantly affected perceptions of what has become known as Salafism. Connected to general attitudes

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Being and Belonging in Transnational Salafism

Informality, Social Capital and Authority in European and Middle Eastern Salafi Networks

Zoltan Pall and Martijn de Koning

Introduction How and why do particular forms of religious practice and inter-subjectivity succeed at crossing national and cultural boundaries? We will explore this question by looking at the case of Salafism in the Middle East and Europe. Salafism, despite being only a minority trend

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Maszlee Malik

Introduction Salafism, as a trend and theological movement, has become a point of interest for many researchers due to the current global political escalation, in particular regarding issues related to global terrorism, radicalism, post-Arab Spring politics, religious trends, as well as

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Søren Gilsaa

representatives of a “tolerant Islam” that is in sync with Tanzania’s acclaimed “nationhood”. However, the idea of an intrusion of internationalist Salafism is inadequate both in terms of understanding the Ansār Sunna’s theological roots, and for what this cluster of organizations comprises in terms of