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Sandberger, Georg

[German Version] The object of science policy is configuration of the scientific system. The guarantee of freedom of research and teaching in German Basic Law art. 5 §3 makes it the task of science policy to establish the general framework within which science can be pursued freely. In this context

Walter E. Grunden

Lawrence Badash, among others, have shown, U.S. development of the “atomic bomb” and the use of it against Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 propelled physicists around the world to the forefront of national defense, military importance, and science policy and, as a result, made them persons of

P. Devaraj and E. Haribabu

study is an attempt to understand the relations between culture of science and science policy making to expose how disjunctive policy construction undermined the growth of spv science and industry development in India. 2 Understanding ‘New’ Culture of Science and Science Policy Making As

Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli

tackle the challenges arising in the implementation of the outcomes of the previous major summits on sustainable development. 2 The summit had acknowledged the need to ‘facilitate informed policy decision-making on sustainable development issues’ by strengthening the science-policy interface ( spi ). 3

Paul Arthur Berkman

Abstract

For the past five decades, the Antarctic Treaty has provided a firm foundation for ongoing international cooperation to successfully manage nearly ten percent of the Earth for “peaceful purposes only ... on the basis of freedom of scientific investigation.” Growing from seven claimant and five non-claimant signatories, the Antarctic Treaty now engages 47 nations, representing nearly 90 percent of humankind. To assess the legacy lessons of the Antarctic Treaty and to celebrate the 50th anniversary of its December 1, 1959 signature in the city where it was adopted in “in the interest of all mankind” – the Antarctic Treaty Summit: Science-Policy Interactions in International Governance will be convened in Washington, DC at the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, from November 30 to December 3, 2009. The Antarctic Treaty Summit will provide a unique open forum for scientists, legislators, administrators, lawyers, historians, educators, executives, students and other members of civil society to share insights. Together, this international and interdisciplinary group of stakeholders will explore science-policy achievements and precedents for sustained peaceful governance of international spaces that cover nearly 75 percent of the Earth’s surface beyond national jurisdictions.

Suzuette S. Soomai and Bertrum H. MacDonald

at guiding public policy-making for coastal and ocean management. Today, much of this large volume of information is accessible through numerous communication methods. Recently, improving information flow at the science-policy interface has become a priority in the urgent need to achieve sustainable

Linda L. Lubrano

LINDA L. LUBRANO (Washington, D.C. U.S.A.) Survey Research As a Source of Information for Soviet Science Policy * The information that political leaders utilize is critical to the kinds of poli- cies that emerge in their decision processes. Politicians can solicit information that will

Siri Brorstad Borlaug and Magnus Gulbrandsen

Many science support mechanisms aim to combine excellent research with explicit expectations of societal impact. Temporary research centres such as ‘Centres of Excellence’ and ‘Centre of Excellence in Research and Innovation’ have become widespread. These centres are expected to produce research that creates future economic benefits and contributes to solving society’s challenges, but little is known about the researchers that inhabit such centres. In this paper, we ask how and to what extent centres affect individual researchers’ identity and scientific practice. Based on interviews with 33 researchers affiliated with 8 centres in Sweden and Norway, and on institutional logics as the analytical framework, we find 4 broad types of identities with corresponding practices. The extent to which individuals experience tensions depend upon the compatibility and centrality of the two institutional logics of excellence and innovation within the centre context. Engagement in innovation seems unproblematic and common in research-oriented centres where the centrality of the innovation logic is low, while individuals in centres devoted to both science and innovation in emerging fields of research or with weak social ties to their partners more frequently expressed tension and dissatisfaction.