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South China Sea

Its Importance for Shipping, Trade, Energy and Fisheries

Hui Zhong and Michael White

I Introduction The arbitral ruling of 2016 arose from a dispute between China and the Philippines over their respective claims in the South China Sea. In 2013 the Philippines had filed a complaint accusing China of violating international law by interfering with fishing, endangering ships

Giuseppe Cataldi

Introduction The South China Sea is a semi-enclosed sea in the south of Mainland China, east of Taiwan and Vietnam, west of the Philippines and north of Brunei and Malaysia. It has hundreds of insular groups (islands, islets, shoals, reefs, rocks), most of which are uninhabited. The largest

Zou Keyuan

Introduction The South China Sea, categorised as a semi-enclosed sea under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea ( losc or Convention), 1 is one of the most important seas in the world, not only in that it contains rich marine resources and distinctive biodiversity, but

Arif Havas Oegroseno

, claimant states continue to do so for mostly domestic or other strategic purposes. The South China Sea dispute has been marked by escalation since 2009, interspersed with periods of de-escalation on the part of the claimant states. Many have feared that the South China Sea will become the next flashpoint

Sharifah Munirah Alatas

Introduction The South China Sea is the second busiest body of sea water as one-third of the world’s shipping transits through here. However, it is a hotly contested region based on several countries’ claims of sovereignty over an archipelago of islands. They include China, Indonesia and

Erik Franckx and Marco Benatar

The Brussels 2015 Conference On 6 March 2015, the Department of International and European Law of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel organized an international conference entitled “The South China Sea: An International Law Perspective” in the Egmont Palace, Brussels, Belgium. The present special

Michelle Lim and Nengye Liu

scales appropriate to major marine biophysical processes. 7 The South China Sea lme is one of the world’s richest marine biodiversity areas. It is the central ecosystem of the most diverse and extensive shallow-water marine region in the world. 8 The sea area contains abundant and diverse

Joanna Mossop

I Introduction * Fishermen have been at the centre of many of the incidents that have led to rising tensions in the South China Sea. 1 In particular, confrontations at sea have often involved allegations of unauthorised fishing occurring in areas of disputed sovereignty or jurisdiction

Lowell Bautista

I Introduction This article examines the South China Sea arbitral award amidst shifting Philippine foreign policy under the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte. The final award of the Arbitral Tribunal in the case filed by the Philippines against China over the South China Sea ( SCS

Ted L McDorman

Introduction The numerous insular features (islands/rocks) and low-tide elevations (reefs, shoals, etc.) within the South China Sea have long been the centre of attention and dispute involving Brunei, China (the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan)), Malaysia, the