The arbitral ruling of 2016 arose from a dispute between China and the Philippines over their respective claims in the SouthChinaSea. In 2013 the Philippines had filed a complaint accusing China of violating international law by interfering with fishing, endangering ships
‘Historic rights’ has been a complicated issue in the law of the sea both conceptually and practically. China’s sovereign and maritime claims in the SouthChinaSea, which are marked through the ‘U-shaped line’ or ‘dotted-line’ or ‘nine-dash line,’ touch upon the historic
The SouthChinaSea is a semi-enclosed sea in the south of Mainland China, east of Taiwan and Vietnam, west of the Philippines and north of Brunei and Malaysia. It has hundreds of insular groups (islands, islets, shoals, reefs, rocks), most of which are uninhabited. The largest
The SouthChinaSea, categorised as a semi-enclosed sea under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea ( losc or Convention), 1 is one of the most important seas in the world, not only in that it contains rich marine resources and distinctive biodiversity, but
, claimant states continue to do so for mostly domestic or other strategic purposes.
The SouthChinaSea dispute has been marked by escalation since 2009, interspersed with periods of de-escalation on the part of the claimant states. Many have feared that the SouthChinaSea will become the next flashpoint
A great deal has been written about the SouthChinaSea in light of the 2016 Award on the SouthChinaSea Arbitration ( Philippines v. China , 2016) that was conducted pursuant to Annex vii to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (hereinafter referred to as
The Brussels 2015 Conference
On 6 March 2015, the Department of International and European Law of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel organized an international conference entitled “The SouthChinaSea: An International Law Perspective” in the Egmont Palace, Brussels, Belgium. The present special
The SouthChinaSea is the second busiest body of sea water as one-third of the world’s shipping transits through here. However, it is a hotly contested region based on several countries’ claims of sovereignty over an archipelago of islands. They include China, Indonesia and
scales appropriate to major marine biophysical processes.
The SouthChinaSea lme is one of the world’s richest marine biodiversity areas. It is the central ecosystem of the most diverse and extensive shallow-water marine region in the world.
The sea area contains abundant and diverse
Fishermen have been at the centre of many of the incidents that have led to rising tensions in the SouthChinaSea.
In particular, confrontations at sea have often involved allegations of unauthorised fishing occurring in areas of disputed sovereignty or jurisdiction