impossibilities rather than moves to the cliché of unlimited opportunities. The essays in this issue of the Journal of Migration History address migrations in Slavic, Tsarist Russian and Soviet history. They hardly received attention before 1989 except for the potboilers of deportations to Siberia and the
Claire P. Kaiser
University Press, 2001). Weiner’s focus on Vinnytsa reveals convincingly the extent to which occupation, collaboration, and postwar reconstruction were entangled at the level of the citizenry itself. On the centrality of the war to Russian and Soviet history, see Stephen Lovell, The Shadow of War: Russia
Rex A. Wade
INTRODUCTION REX A. WADE (Fairfax, VA, USA) GENERATIONS IN RUSSIAN AND SOVIET HISTORY "0 my son Absalom! my son, my son Absalom! would God I might die for thee, 0 Absalom my son, my son!" Second Samuel 18: 33 "Man is incapable of useful thoughts ' after the age of twenty-five years." Unnamed
Although students of the Soviet period have long been fascinated with criminality, few works have studied courts and common criminals on the basis of trial records, especially during the nep. Aside from scholarly treatments of show trials, the reasoning behind judicial decisions and criminal pleas has been left to the imagination of Sovietologists. This gap is addressed by examining case files involving the primary form of appeal available to Soviet convicts: cassation. After detailing the evolution of Soviet cassation from its origins in the French Revolution and contextualizing its place in the Soviet justice system, this article embarks on a close reading of convicts’ pleas, prosecutors’ reports, and judges’ written decisions in cassational cases. Cassational appeals are examined to determine how different seats of power within the judiciary sparred over verdicts. Judicial decisions of cassational cases are cross-referenced with legal codes and legislation to determine how Soviet judges applied the law, particularly when considering the social backgrounds of appellants. From the outlook of criminals themselves, the wording of their appeals is analyzed to determine how they understood the law, Soviet society, and what they thought they needed to say to gain redemption. Ultimately, this paper explores how individuals brought before courts understood Soviet power and justice through the lens of criminal appeals during the infancy of the Soviet Union.
RONALD GRIGOR SUNY
R O N A L D G R I G O R SUNY (Ann Arbor, MI, USA) 1 ON IDEOLOGY, SUBJECTIVITY, AND MODERNITY: DISPARATE THOUGHTS ABOUT DOING SOVIET HISTORY 1. This article is the product of two successive roundtables at the annual conventions of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies
SHEILA FITZPATRICK (Chicago, U.S.A.) EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION: PETITIONS AND DENUNCIATIONS IN RUSSIAN AND SOVIET HISTORY1 Historians of prerevolutionary Russia, particularly Muscovy, have long been interested in petitions2 and denunciations.3 As far as the Soviet period is concerned, however, both
Essays in History, Literature and Other Related Subjects
Edited by Yelena Mazour-Matusevich and Alexandra Korros
Patrick Geary, Andrew W. Mellon Professor, IAS, Princeton, and Distinguished Professor of History Ermeritus, UCLA
Contributors are Peter Burke, Andrew Cowell, Charles J. Halperin, Eve Levin, Eva Osterberg, Harbans Mukhia, Michael Richter, Svetlana Luchitskaya, Roger Markwick, Boris Stepanov, Thomas Izbicki, Jean Pierre Delville, Alexandra Korros, and Yelena Mazour-Matusevich.
B O O K R E V I E W S / C O M P T E S R E N D U S Richard Pipes. R u s s i a O b s e r v e d : C o l l e c t e d E s s a y s on R u s s i a n a n d Soviet History. Boulder, CO: W e s t v i e w Press, 1989. 280 pp. Russian and East European studies in this country would n o t have developed
regarding what has remained one of the great mysteries of Soviet history for more than three-quarters of a century. The fantastical stories of duplicity concocted for the Show Trials first of Zinoviev and Kamenev, then Bukharin and his allies, were dismissed by both Khrushchevite reformers and Western