self-reports from a supernatural beliefs scale were assessed on two measures of inhibition; the Stroop Color–Word Task and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Both groups were of equal educational status and background. However, believers made significantly more errors than sceptics on all subscales

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture

interference or Garner speeded classification task, which provide a reliable measure of how efficiently people can process one dimension (e.g., length) of an object while ignoring its other dimensions (e.g., width) (Garner, 1978 ). Meanwhile, the Stroop conflict was also employed. Furthermore, we combined the

In: Multisensory Research
Krantestukjes over dialektverschijnselen in West-Noord-Brabant
Bundel aangeboden aan Leopold Peeters bij zijn afscheid als Hoogleraar Historische Taalkunde van het Nederlands aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam

bilinguals and monolinguals on inhibition and selective attention. They found no significant differences between monolingual and bilingual children on verbal and non-verbal Stroop tasks at any age level. One possible explanation for such variable results is that “bilingual” is just too broad of a category

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture
Editor: Nick Baron
Across Eastern Europe and Russia in the first half of the twentieth century, conflict and violence arising out of foreign and civil wars, occupation, revolutions, social and ethnic restructuring and racial persecution caused countless millions of children to be torn from their homes. Displaced Children in Russia and Eastern Europe, 1915-1953 addresses the powerful and tragic history of child displacement in this region and the efforts of states, international organizations and others to ‘re-place’ uprooted, and often orphaned, children. By analysing the causes, character and course of child displacement, and examining through first-person testimonies the children’s experiences and later memories, the chapters in this volume shed new light on twentieth-century nation-building, social engineering and the emergence of modern concepts and practices of statehood, children’s rights and humanitarianism.

Contributors are: Tomas Balkelis, Rachel Faircloth Green, Gabriel Finder, Michael Kaznelson, Aldis Purs, Karl D. Qualls, Elizabeth White, Tara Zahra

The present experimental research studies whether Thai-English bilinguals’ language experience in their non-native language influences the pattern of language processing of the bilingual lexicon. Two groups of 100 native Thai bilingual speakers with high or low English language experience were asked to perform Stroop Interference Tasks, with the processing of word forms being either Thai or English and the processing in colour naming also being either Thai or English. The results showed that when the processing of word forms was in Thai, there was more intra- than interlingual interference, and that the degree of interference was equivalent between the two English experience groups. When the processing of word forms was in English, the high and the low groups showed more intra- than interlingual interference; however, the high group showed more interference than the low group did. The results provide evidence that the maximal interference occurs in the processing of the first language and the interference in the processing of the second language is proportional to L2 language experience. The results suggest that there is a relationship between language experience and language processing of the bilingual lexicon.

In: Manusya: Journal of Humanities
Author: Peter Wühr

, Germany Received 7 November 2005; accepted 23 March 2006 Abstract —Three experiments investigated the effects of advance information about orientation on the processing of relevant and irrelevant objects, as indicated by Stroop effects from color words located in either object. Four results were obtained

In: Spatial Vision
Author: Flor Kusnir

likelihood ma- nipulations of letter–colour pairings to implicitly train letter–colour associations (Kusnir and Thut, 2012). The newly-formed associations were synaesthesia-like, since correlating with the synaesthetic- Stroop and showing the colour-opponency effect, present in synaesthetes (Nikoli´c et al

In: Multisensory Research