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International Negotiation 6: 49–77, 2001. © 2001 Kluwer Law International. Printed in the Netherlands. 49 Track Two Diplomacy and Regional Security in the Middle East DALIA DASSA KAYE ∗ Department of Political Science, The George Washington University, 2201 G Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20052

C. Esra Çuhadar Gürkaynak

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 DOI: 10.1163/138234007X191911 International Negotiation 12 (2007) 57–82 Track Two Diplomacy from a Track One Perspective: Comparing the Perceptions of Turkish and American Diplomats C. Esra Çuhadar Gürkaynak * Department of Political

Bruce Hemmer, John Graham, Paula Garb and Marlett Phillips

negotiate, not just political leaders, and the negotiations of the latter are affected by the former. We draw on theories and concepts from Track Two diplomacy, citizen peacebuilding, civic democratization, and social movements to develop an integrated theory of how peoples negotiate. That is, we

Jodok Troy

- based diplomatic approaches may infuse those insights into today’s political reality, thereby incorporating important initiatives, such as reconciliation and forgiveness, into confl ict resolution. 1 Th is article examines the concept of faith-based diplomacy as declared track-two diplomacy in the con

Peter Jones

ability to move away from terrorism” (Major 1999 : 443; quoted in Toros 2008 : 416). 2 Often these talks have included Track Two diplomacy. Track Two in such circumstances is no panacea, but it does seem to be used in these cases, and sometimes with positive effect. Are there any lessons that emerge

Pamela S. Chasek

period under the Kyoto Protocol expires at the end of 2012. This article examines one of the strategies used to address this challenge in the lead up to the December 2007 Climate Change Conference in Bali, Indonesia: a variation of track-two diplomacy, where climate change was addressed at numer- ous

Ronald Fisher

focuses on interactive conflict resolution, a form of track two diplomacy, which involves unofficial third party interventions in protracted and violent ethnopolitical conflict. Dr. Fisher’s publications include Social Psychology: An Applied Approach (1982), The Social Psychology of Intergroup and

Jonathan Zartman

can “spoil” the bargaining. Th is practice of exclusion often creates agreements that fail during implementa- tion. Track two diplomacy efforts can overcome this failure by providing channels to include other inter- est groups and active parties. In Tajikistan, participants in a sustained dialogue

Dennis V. Hickey

book, Reaching Across the Taizvan Strait: People to People Diplomacy, Ralph Clough explores the growth in people-to-people exchanges between the two Chinas. Describing this broad spectrum of unofficial relations as "track-two diplomacy", Clough argues that it has helped reduce hostility and tensions

Influence of Inter- national Institutions on Central Negotiators within Two-Level Games David Mitchell 25–48 Track Two Diplomacy and Regional Security in the Middle East Dalia Dassa Kaye 49–77 Diplomacy as Independent and Dependent Variable Barry H. Steiner 79–104 A Pragmatic Approach for Negotiating a