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Auli M. Vähäkangas

done research on palliative care and on African feminist theology. Presently she is leading an international research project Youth at the Margins (2013-2016) funded by the Academy of Finland. 1998-2005 she was teaching in Makumira University College of Tumaini University in Tanzania. Ujamaa

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Søren Gilsaa

In this day and age all major cities in Tanzania host at least one organization that is run with the specific aim of propagating basic Salafi thought and purifying local Islamic practices from “un-Islamic innovations” (in Kiswahili bidaa , in Arabic bidaʿ ). Albeit differing in the specifics

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Sukuma Labor Songs from Western Tanzania

'We Never Sleep, We Dream of Farming'


Frank Gunderson

This volume is an interpretive analysis of a collection of 335 song texts treated as primary historical sources. The collection highlights the cultural practices that link music with labor in Sukuma communities in northwestern Tanzania. These linkages are evident in the music of the elephant, snake, and porcupine hunting associations that flourished in the precolonial epoch, in the nineteenth-century regional and long-distance porter associations, and in the farmer associations that have proliferated since the beginning of the twentieth century. Acting primarily as an interpretive editor, the author collaborated with several Tanzanian scholars and translators towards fine-tuning the translation of these texts into English, and gathered testimonies in order to create succinct interpretive statements about the songs.

The African Music Section of the Society for Ethnomusicology is pleased to announce that the 2012 Kwabena Nketia Book Prize has been awarded to Frank Gunderson for his book, Sukuma Labor Songs from Western Tanzania: "We Never Sleep, We Dream of Farming, published by Brill in 2010. Grounded in nearly twenty years of ethnographic research, we congratulate Professor Gunderson for this excellent publication in African music studies
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Lotta Gammelin

The first time I visited the Gospel Miracle Church of All People (henceforth the GMCL 2 ), a locally founded Charismatic and Prophet-led church in the Southern Tanzanian city of Mbeya, it was mid-afternoon, yet the place seemed empty and deserted. The door was closed and no one seemed to be

Open Access

Samson John Mgaiwa and Japhace Poncian

Public–private partnerships (PPPs) in education are presented as capable of resolving several issues of education provision, financing, management, access and quality. This paper aimed at analyzing the impact of PPPs on access to and quality of higher education in Tanzania. Secondary research was used to gather data and critical review of the data and its analysis made. The focus of the paper was on higher education financing and on private higher education institutions. The findings indicated that PPPs have had a positive impact on increasing access to Tanzania higher education. However, although private universities and university colleges are many in number, enrolment has continued to be higher in public universities. It was further noted that an increase in higher learning institutions and subsequent increase in access to higher education has not meant an improvement in the quality of education provided by the institutions. As such, PPPs have had no significant impact on the improvement of quality of education. This is mainly accounted for by the number and qualifications held by academic members of staff in private universities, the infrastructure as well as the programmes they offer.

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James L. Flexner, Jeffrey B. Fleisher and Adria LaViolette

This paper focuses on a specific class of locally made artifacts known in the archaeological literature of the eastern African coast as bead grinders. Bead grinders are discarded potsherds or stone cobbles distinguished by long grooves abraded into their surfaces. Although they are some of the most commonly located artifacts on late first-millennium AD coastal sites, few close analyses of them have been conducted. Here we examine a particularly large assemblage of bead grinders from the site of Tumbe on Pemba Island, Tanzania, the largest such assemblage recovered from any site in eastern Africa. This essay is not aimed at determining whether or not these artifacts were in fact used to grind shell beads, the subject of considerable local debate, although we operate from that assumption. Rather, we treat them as artifacts related to production, and focus on standardization as a way to provide insight into the organization of production at Tumbe. Based on our analysis we argue that despite the intensive production implied by the sheer quantity of grinders recovered at Tumbe, the high degree of variation within relevant variables suggests that production was unstandardized and decentralized, carried on in individual households. We hope that this case study encourages more comparative research between coastal regions on bead grinders and other classes of artifacts related to production.

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Flavia Aiello

in tre territori dell’Africa orientale precedentemente governati dall’amministrazione coloniale britannica, ovvero il Kenya, il Tanganyika (fino al primo conflitto mondiale colonia tedesca) e Zanzibar, questi ultimi due uniti dal 1964 in un’unica formazione statuale, la Tanzania. Le radici della

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Thembela Kepe and Sonya Silva

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/156921010X491245 African and Asian Studies 9 (2010) 31-54 A F R I C A N A N D A S I A N S T U D I E S An examination of ‘Participation’ and ‘Sustainability’ in a Food Security Project among the Rural Poor in Northwestern Tanzania 1

Lema, Anza A. and Parsalaw, Joseph

The United Republic of Tanzania, on the coast of East Africa, is primarily an agrarian country; approximately 70 percent of the population is rural. Tanzania has a spectacular landscape of mainly three physiographic regions: the islands and the coastal plains to the east; the inland, saucer

Chacha Bhoke Murungu

According to the Population and Housing Census of 2012 prepared by the National Bureau of Statistics, Tanzania has a population of 44,928,923 people (21,869,990 males and 23,058,933 females). This census covers both Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar. The 2012 census did not include the religious