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Author: Giovanni Chiodi

Grotius argues that also in Roman law unilateral promises are not enforceable, as a rule. He provides a different explanation, against Luis de Molina whom he quotes, for the civil law exceptions: in these cases Roman law limits itself to establishing the irrevocability of such promises, while the

In: Grotiana
In: Unilateral Acts of States in Public International Law
In Unilateral Acts of States in Public International Law Przemysław Saganek discusses one of the most important sources of States’ obligations in international law.
He analyzes in a critical way the classical catalogue of unilateral acts comprising: promise, waiver, recognition and protest. He convincingly proves that this list is misleading as it oversees several important acts of States. On the other hand, several classical acts do not necessarily give rise to legal effects or are not necessarily unilateral. The author undertakes a thorough analysis of several types of acts, showing their similarities and dissimilarities. He concludes that the group category of ‘unilateral acts’ covers such diverse elements that they could be hardly codified in a single set of rules.

[German version] Under Roman law a unilateral promise to provide a dowry ( Dos ). Proculus (Dig. 50,16,125) gives the form of words used to make the promise: dotis filiae meae tibi erunt aurei centum (‘as dowry for my daughter you will have 100 gold pieces’). The words were said by the father or

In: Brill's New Pauly Online

contractual at all; rather, there is a unilateral 'promise' by the employer, which can be unilaterally withdrawn. It should be noted, at the same time, that such promises and their withdrawal are subject to rules evolved in connection with usages in the undertaking which create benefits for the employees and

In: International Labour Law Reports Online
Author: Wim Decock

-binding character of unilateral promises ( pollicitationes ). 17 Grotius’s endorsement of the principle of offer and acceptance ( ibp 2,11,14) which, in fact, is a transplant from Leonardus Lessius, is still being considered authoritative by modern jurists. 18 Without recognizing the diverging

In: Grotiana

concluded by elected workers' representatives. Without the union, tradi- tional source of salvation ... or more precisely, as regards the judicial reasoning, without the signature of the union, there is only a unilateral promise by the employer. This does not mean that the conclusion of an "atypical

In: International Labour Law Reports Online
Author: SERGIO CARBONE

have to be presumed in their favour) 18, the International Court of Justice also refers briefly to the problem of whether promise may be revoked. As it is well known, doctrine and practice are unanimous on this point in holding that a unilateral promise (precisely is so far as it is a statement of

In: The Italian Yearbook of International Law Online

. ʿUmar b. ʿAbdul ʿAzīz ʿĀbidīn, al-ʿUqūd ad-Durriyah fī Tanqīh al-Fatāwā al-Hamidiyyah , (India: n.p., 1819), 2: 352-353. 36 Al-Buhūtī, supra note 24 at 3: 79. 37 Ibn Haẓm, supra note 27 at 8: 28. 38 Rafic Yunus Al-Masri, ‘The Binding Unilateral Promise (Wa’d) in Islamic Banking Operations: Is

In: Arab Law Quarterly

Workers' Statute if such conduct is the reaction to a strike which must be regarded as unlawful because it was proclaimed and carried out in ways that do not conform with the contractual obligations and the unilateral promises of the union. Law Applied Constitution Article 40: The right to strike is

In: International Labour Law Reports Online