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Introduction Treaty development and practice for managing transboundary water resources in West Africa have been gradual, evolving from the pre-colonial era through the post-colonial era to the present. Within the colonial period, not much was achieved on shared watercourses’ agreement in West

In: Brill Research Perspectives in International Water Law

Introduction Treaty development and practice for managing transboundary water resources in West Africa have been gradual, evolving from the pre-colonial era through the post-colonial era to the present. Within the colonial period, not much was achieved on shared watercourses’ agreement in West

In: Shared Water Resources in West Africa

1 Introduction In the last decade, significant developments are taking shape in the West African sub-region. On one hand, the flames of conflicts that engulfed the sub-region in the 1990s and the early 2000s have been doused and the affected countries, with the support of the international

In: The African Review

gross human rights abuses around the world even before the Arab Spring of 2011 bring to the fore the fundamental role of international politics and policies on the state of human rights, particularly in vulnerable economies in the global South. West Africa, like most of sub-Saharan Africa, is one such

In: Perspectives on Global Development and Technology

in moments of hardship by saying that his hard work had divine worth and had earned him baraji . Those who have lived in the widespread Mande-speaking regions of West Africa are undoubtedly familiar with the word baraji , which loosely translates as ‘divine reward’, ‘recompense’, or ‘religious

In: Journal of Religion in Africa

, (Eds.) (pp. 13 – 52 ) Senses of place . Santa Fe, NM : School of American Research Press . Baum R.M. ( 1999 ). Shrines of the slave trade: Diola religion and society in precolonial Senegambia . Oxford, England : Oxford University Press . Baum R.M. ( 2016 ). West Africa’s women of God

In: Storytelling: Global Reflections on Narrative

This study reports on the analysis of macrobotanical remains recovered at three of the B-sites rock shelters in central Ghana (B4C, B5C, B6B), which were excavated under the auspices of the Kintampo Archaeological Research Project (KARP). These rock shelters yielded large quantities of Kintampo material culture as well as pottery attributed to the Punpun. The overall aims are to further our understanding of prehistoric subsistence in tropical West Africa and to address some outstanding issues relating to the economic role of oil palm through the study of macrobotanical remains. Although palynological evidence indicates a substantial rise in oil palm pollen during the Late Holocene, various interpretations of this increase have been proposed. To date, sampling and analysis of macrobotanical remains have not been designed to investigate the nature of oil palm utilisation during this period. We argue that simple archaeobotanical quantification methods indicate that oil palm use during Kintampo occupations of sites B4C, B5C, and B6B and possibly other locales was significant. As such, humans should not be ruled out as agents having an impact on Late Holocene landscapes of West Africa. These and other archaeobotanical data from tropical Africa suggest that arboriculture was a component of prehistoric subsistence.

In: Journal of African Archaeology

We used mutual information and transmission power as indicators of knowledge circulation between innovation actors. The units of analysis in scientific publications are indexed in the Web of Science with at least one West African-based address. We found that at the regional level, the university is the biggest knowledge producer followed by the government and industry in that order; however, at the national level, the government is the biggest information producer in majority of countries. The industrial sector output is weak both at the regional level and individual country level. It is even null in some countries. Mutual information indicated the existence of synergy between the three actors, both at the regional and national levels. However, its value is too low to allow for knowledge circulating fluently among actors.

In: Triple Helix
Missionary Archives - Africa
West Africa

The importance of missionary archives as a primary resource continues to grow as their value for the study of a variety of scholarly disciplines and subjects becomes ever more widely recognized. This collection lists 19th and 20th century archive materials relating to Africa, south of Sahara, and to Madagascar and Mauritius. There are large sections on Southern, Central and West Africa and lesser amounts on Eastern and Western Central Africa.

This collection is also included in the Missionary Archives - Africa collection.

Evidences of Lower and Middle Palaeolithic human settlements in sub-Saharan West Africa are relatively uncommon, poorly or not even dated, and come from surface sites or secondary stratigraphic context. The discovery, within the international research programme “Palaeoenvironment and human settlement in West Africa”, of an impressive Pleistocene sedimentary sequence with numerous archaeological levels in the sector of Ounjougou (Dogon Country, Mali), is thus of great importance, insofar as it allows us to set up a first chrono-cultural reference framework for the West African Palaeolithic. Although the exact chronological position of a Lower Palaeolithic human settlement has yet to be specified, the recurrent Middle Palaeolithic occupation, between the end of marine isotope stage 5 and the beginning of stage 2, reveals an astonishing cultural diversity. This could indicate an important repopulating activity, following climatic and environmental changes during the Upper Pleistocene. Particularly, the appearance of the Levallois reduction technique in Sahelian West Africa, possibly prior to the emergence of the Saharan Aterian, leads us to reconsider the question of the origin of this reduction concept introduction in sub-Saharan West Africa. More generally, the Palaeolithic sequence in the sector of Ounjougou shows the intrusion of more southern and/or eastern cultural influences.

In: Journal of African Archaeology