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The increasingly optimistic period of Xia dynasty (ca. 2100-1600 BCE ) research we now find ourselves in is foreshadowed by over half a century of archeological exploration. 1 It is now generally accepted among academics that the Erlitou 二里頭 culture, or most of it, is Xia culture. 2 However

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In: Journal of Chinese Humanities
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The question of the historicity of the Xia dynasty [ca. 2100-1600 BCE ] may be considered from two perspectives. First, did the Xia dynasty exist? Second, on the whole, are the accounts relating to the Xia dynasty as recorded in ancient texts reliable? This perspective tends to center upon the

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archaeological cultures still await us in the central region at the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, described in ancient texts and records as part of the domain of activity of the Xia and Shang peoples. At the same time, however, because the existence of the Xia dynasty is just as much an objective

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In: Journal of Chinese Humanities
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control by Yu 禹, who was traditionally regarded as the founder of the Xia dynasty. The Xia dynasty is often identified with early Bronze-Age culture centered on Erlitou 二里頭 culture [c. 1900-1550 bce ] in Yanshixian 偃師縣, Henan Province, but this identification remains contentious. In the article, the

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In: Journal of Chinese Humanities

China back to the beginning of the Xia dynasty [ca. 2100-1600 BCE ]. He claimed that, “the seminar the next evening was exciting.” 1 The seminar was indeed exciting, and for those who appreciate explorations in ancient history, so too were the last thirty-five years of Nivison’s life, during which he

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In: Journal of Chinese Humanities
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the zhongguo was already in circulation in society long before it first appeared in writing during the Western Zhou period, and that the term might have originated even before the Shang period, or that the concept of zhongguo originated during the Xia dynasty (ca. 2070–1600 BCE ), which preceded

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In: Journal of Chinese Humanities
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One of the many ancient names China gave itself was Hua Xia . The Xia refers to the first dynasty from their written records. The acknowledgement of the Xia dynasty as their earliest dynasty has been at the heart of Chinese self-identity for millennia. The earliest analytic dictionary in China

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In: Journal of Chinese Humanities

Xià dynasty Xià 夏 ca. 2100–1600 BCE

in Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics Online

the concept of humanity ( ren ), which is already important in the teachings of Confucius, is at the center of reflection. In this regard the teachings of Mo Tzu, who in particular invokes Yu, the legendary ruler of the Xia dynasty, represent a radicalization of Confucian ideology from the perspective

in Religion Past and Present Online
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middle of all others perhaps existed as early as the Xia dynasty (ca. 2070–ca. 1600 BCE ). The earliest use of Zhongguo was for the sake of political discussion; later during the Spring and Autumn (770–476 BCE ) and Warring States (475–221 BCE ) periods it took on ethnic and cultural connotations

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In: Journal of Chinese Humanities