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Author: Richard Foltz

The role of Iranian merchants in the maritime trade of the Indian Ocean basin from antiquity up to the 16th century is often underestimated. From scholarly histories to popular culture the “Muslim sailor” is typically portrayed as being an Arab. In fact, from pre-Islamic times the principal actors in Indian Ocean trade were predominantly Persian, as attested by the archaeological data, local written records, and the names of places and individuals.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
Author: Hutter, Manfred

Persian text, written in 1599 or 1600, is the earliest source describing the arrival and settlement of the Zoroastrians in India, where they were called Parsis because of their Persian background. The...

In: Religion Past and Present Online
Author: Richard Foltz

, which is spared because he had used it to kill “frogs, ants, snakes, scorpions and other rep- tiles” (Vahman, 1986, p. 210). 374 R. Foltz / Society and Animals 18 (2010) 367-378 Animal Sacrifice in Zoroastrianism Rituals that included animal sacrifice were practiced by Zoroastrians in India (Parsis

In: Society & Animals
Author: Richard Foltz

: Ringer M. Pious Citizens: Reforming Zoroastrianism in India and Iran 2011 Syracuse Rûdaw “Sticky Dispute as Zoroastrians Blast Diaper Maker” 2015 NaN 22 online

In: Journal of Persianate Studies

(Tats) Movement is concerned, al- though it would be premature to describe it as fully developed, certain 5 Not to be confused with the homonymic ethnonym of the Zoroastrians in India (Pars, Par- see). In the present study, “Pars” is the designation preferred by the representatives of the people

In: Iran and the Caucasus

contemporary Zoroastrians in India and Iran see Stausberg [2004a]). All these fields, however, are far from exhausted. Among many other things, we are still lacking a substantial study of Zoroastrian fire-temples (for some preliminary surveys see now Choksy [2006b, 2007]; the archaeo- logical documentation needs

In: Numen

the principal focus o f the devotional life o f Zoroastrians from ancient times to the present. The major temples contain 'fires o f victory' (Ata~ Bahrdms). When orthodox Parsis (Zoroastrians in India) enter these fire temples daily to pray before the fire and benefit from the radiant glory o f this

In: Indo-Iranian Journal
Author: Cyrus Schayegh

History: Alternative Narratives for the Modern Era ,” American Historical Review 105 ( 2000 ): 807 – 831 . Ringer , Monica . Pious Citizens: Reforming Zoroastrianism in India and Iran . Syracuse : Syracuse University Press , 2011 . Sakākīnī , Khalīl . Yawmiyyāt Khalīl al

In: Arabic and its Alternatives
In: World History as the History of Foundations, 3000 BCE to 1500 CE