Bibliographic entry in Chapter 30: U.S. Foreign Relations and Non-Governmental Actors | Bibliographies, Guides, and Dictionaries authorAmnesty InternationalimprintLondon: Amnesty International Publications, 1976-.annotationThe annual publication of Amnesty International, an international voluntary
Bibliographic entry in Chapter 1: Reference Works, Bibliographies, Overviews, and Syntheses | Sources for Topical Research authorAmnesty InternationalimprintLondon: Amnesty International Publications, 1976-.annotationThe annual publication of Amnesty International, an international voluntary
rhetoric meets the reality of today’s conflicts, some argue that the price of conflict resolution sometimes comes at the cost of impunity by way of blanket amnesty.
Amnesties are ‘legal tools deployed by governments to prevent criminal prosecution for specific offences or against specific individuals
been argued that retributive justice processes create accountability.
In the context of achieving justice and accountability, in these circumstances, the use of amnesty in post-conflict societies remains controversial despite their widespread usage.
In these places, an amnesty is
Since the ‘norms entrepreneurs’ 1 and ‘advocates of international justice’ began to spread their ‘no peace without justice’ mantra during the nineties of the last century, 2 it has increasingly become an accepted principle that states should not grant amnesty to perpetrators
This collection of documents from Amnesty International's Research Archives contains Amnesty's
Country Dossiers and
Publications since 1975 and 1962, respectively, and is updated on a yearly basis. The reports and dossiers contain a variety of information on each country, sifted from published studies, contemporary archives, and press reports in all media. Legislation pertaining to the administration of justice in each country is quoted from official publications. Also included are interviews with former prisoners and government representatives, as well as reports of on-the-spot investigations of prisons.
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In 1998, Pierre Sané, Secretary General of Amnesty International, described the character and significance of the microfiche edition as follows:
"1998 marks the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights – the bedrock of contemporary human rights – and is a significant year for Amnesty International and human rights organizations throughout the world. The anniversary is a time both to look at what we have achieved, and what challenges lie ahead for the human rights community. In this half century, Amnesty International has helped to enshrine human rights in international law, raised public and political awareness of those basic rights and the abuses which still take place, and worked with the ever growing number of grassroots human rights groups throughout the world. In marking the anniversary of the Declaration, Amnesty International is focusing on highlighting the risks faced by human rights defenders -- the people on the front line of human rights protection -- and demonstrating the popular support for the Declaration through our worldwide signature campaign. We are looking towards further strengthening the human rights movement in the next 50 years, and to make sure that ignorance of abuses can never again be used as an excuse for inaction. For this reason, finding out about human rights violations and making those facts public is crucial, and the role of IDC is extremely valuable in making this information available in microfiche editions with comprehensive, annually updated inventories on CD-ROM."
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Country Dossiers The information in Amnesty International Reports and Country Dossiers is compiled, analysed and edited by volunteers and members of the staff of Amnesty International. The information comes from diverse sources and is collected on the basis of disciplined research. Background information is sifted from published studies, contemporary archives, press reports, and transcriptions of radio broadcasts. Legislation pertaining to the administration of justice in each country is quoted from official publications. Exhaustive interviews with former prisoners are conducted by Amnesty International researchers. Details on individual cases are verified by consulting experts and other international organizations. Where possible, Amnesty International sends missions to countries to meet government representatives, visit prisons, and conduct on the spot investigations.
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International human rights bodies have declared amnesties for serious human rights violations incompatible with human rights law. As a result, amnesties have been revoked many years after their award. They have thus enabled criminal prosecutions for alleged crimes committed in the distant past. This has particularly been the case in the Inter-American system. Currently, a long debate on the compatibility of amnesties with human rights norms is taking place. The present contribution focuses on a topic hitherto at the fringes of this debate; namely, whether the revocation of amnesties and the initiation of proceedings against the accused, many years after the award of the amnesty, are consistent with the principle of legality. Certain domestic courts have argued that they are not, while the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has decided otherwise. This Article reflects on the reasoning of both sides. It argues that the revocation of amnesties raises valid concerns as regards the principle of legality, which should be seriously considered by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. It is suggested that the protection of the accused from the risk of a trial made unfair due to the passing of time and the rights of victims of access to justice require the performance of a more nuanced balancing exercise on the part of the Court.
aftermath of political atrocities in public while finding ways of justifying their unfortunate necessity.
‘Truth’ in Post-apartheid Transition
The struggle for ‘truth’ about the ‘conflicts of the past’ has been central to the post-apartheid transition. The issue of amnesty has been at the heart of