Aorist voice patterns in the diachrony of Greek

The New Testament as a sample of Koine

Liana Tronci

1 Introduction This paper deals with the verbal category of voice in Koine Greek and focuses on the aorist. As Browning (1983) and Horrocks (2010) pointed out, the aorist underwent major changes in voice from Ancient to Modern Greek: “the endings of the aorist middle (-(σ

Jerneja Kavčič

.). An example of a DeclarInfCl is: It seems that, in the post-Classical period, DeclarInfCl underwent significant changes concerning their aspectual and temporal properties. The aorist infinitive—my focus here—offers a particularly interesting development. There are reasons to believe that its

Maria Napoli

Although the aorist is traditionally defined as a temporal stem, its function in the Greek verbal system is primarily aspectual: it corresponds to the cross-linguistic category of perfective aspect, by representing the event as a single whole. The indicative also has a temporal meaning, in being a

Strunk, Klaus (Munich)

[German version] (ἀόριστος; aóristos), ‘indeterminate (tense)’. Probably arises as a technical term from the tense doctrine of the Stoics; a scholion of Stephanus of Dion. Thrax 250,26-251,25 Hilgard and Prisc. grammar 2,415,23-27 suggest this. The aorist is a verbal declension category with

Aorists and Perfects

Synchronic and diachronic perspectives


Edited by Marc Fryd and Pierre-Don Giancarli

This volume gathers nine contributions dealing with Aorists and Perfects. Drinka challenges the notion of Aoristic Drift in Romance languages. Walker considers two emergent uses of the Perfect in British English. Jara seeks to determine the constraints on tense choice within narrative discourse in Peruvian Spanish. Henderson argues for a theory based on Langacker’s ‘sequential scanning’ in Chilean and Uruguayan Spanish. Delmas looks at ’Ua in Tahitian, a polysemic particle with a range of aspectual and modal meanings. Bourdin addresses the expression of anteriority with just in English. Yerastov examines the distribution of the transitive be Perfect in Canadian English. Fryd offers a panchronic study of have-less perfect constructions in English. Eide investigates counterfactual present perfects in Mainland Scandinavian dialects.


Frederik Kortlandt

Katsiaryna Ackermann has presented a detailed account of the oldest Slavic aorist forms of underived verbs with speculations about their origins (2014). Unfortunately, her theory of Slavic accentuation, which is largely based on Klingenschmitt’s, has long been outdated. She starts from the

Joel Christensen

In Classical Greek, aorist morphology bifurcates into two basic categories, sigmatic and asigmatic. Each category, however, is an amalgamated affiliation that draws on latent PIE morphologies (verbal roots, older sigmatic forms) and serendipities of Greek phonology. The multiplicity and confusion

Aspects of the Indo-European Aorist and Imperfect

Re-evaluating the evidence of the R̥gveda and Homer and its implications for PIE

Ian Hollenbaugh

1 Introduction and proposal The Proto-Indo-European ( PIE ) verbal system is generally reconstructed as “aspectual” in nature, having two contrastive verbal stems: The Aorist stem is said to have denoted perfective aspect, while the Present stem is said to have had

Thomas D. Stegman

:9 as a simple or preterit aorist, thereby indicating Paul’s act of writing that occurred at some time in the past (and thus prior to his present act of writing). 1 The RSV’s translation of this verse is typical: “For this is why I wrote [ἔγραψα], that I might test you and know whether you are

John Hewson

The Greek gnomic aorist is a perfective past tense that is used to represent a generic fact, habitual truth, or habitual action. A gnomic form (the initial g- is silent in English) is not a particular tense or aspect. Gnomic forms represent a generic fact, a general truth, or a habitual action, and