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Orly Lewis

The distinction that Praxagoras of Cos (4th-3rd c. BC) made between arteries and veins and his views on pulsation and pneuma are two significant turning points in the history of ideas and medicine. In this book Orly Lewis presents the fragmentary evidence for this topic and offers a fresh analysis of Praxagoras’ views on the soul and the functions of the heart and pneuma. In so doing, she highlights the empirical basis of Praxagoras’ views and his engagement with earlier medical debates and with Aristotle’s physiology.
The study consists of an edition and translation of the relevant fragments (some absent from the standard 1958 edition) followed by a commentary and a synthetic analysis of Praxagoras’ views and their place in the history of medicine and ideas.
The book has been awarded the Young Historian Prize of the Académie Internationale d’Histoire de Sciences (2019).

Earle H. Waugh

The only Qurʾānic reference to the artery and vein, vessels that carry blood to and from the heart, is the word warīd, usually translated as “jugular vein,” which is found in Q 50:16: “We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.” The verse’s message is clear: just as human life is dependent upon

Lane J. Harris

extended the transportation infrastructure of the relay system out to the borders and built post stations in every county to form the “arteries and veins” of the empire (驛遞天下之血脉脈 yi di tianxia zhi xuemai ). The Hongwu Emperor was not the only early modern sovereign to maintain multiple systems to

A.B. Boekelaar, B. Baljet and J. Drukker

branch of the celiac artery which bifurcates into the hepatic artery proper and the gastroduodenal artery should not be given the incorrect name hepatic artery but is named common hepatic artery. 2. The hepato-esophageal artery is a constantly present branch of the hepatic artery proper running in the

Pavel Gregoric, Orly Lewis and Martin Kuhar

intercostal arteries. It is notable that the author does not explicitly mention the connection between this passage and the heart, though he no doubt thinks that some connection does exist, given his view that the pulsating motion of artēriai is said to occur in the heart “chiefly and primarily” (482b33

Bryan R. Burnett

303 NOTES AND NEWS NOTES ON THE LATERAL ARTERIES OF TWO STOMATOPODS BY BRYAN R. BURNETT Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Box 109, La Jolla, California 92037, U.S.A. Siewing (1963) suggested that hoplocarids occupy an unusual phylogenetic position within the Eumalacostraca in that they have

B. C. Groombridge

It is reported that in henophidian snakes examined, except Acrochordus, the facial carotid artery passes forward ventral to the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve, and is typically of lesser diameter than the cerebral carotid. In contrast, in caenophidian snakes except Viperinae (not including Causus) and in Acrochordus, the facial carotid passes dorsal to the mandibular branch of the trigeminal, and is not of lesser diameter than the cerebral carotid. Viperinae except Causus show the ventral course. Because it also occurs in Scolecophidia, and is correlated with primitive states of many other characters, the ventral course seen in Henophidia except Acrochordus is interpreted as the primitive condition in snakes. The dorsal course seen in Caenophidia and Acrochordus is interpreted as a derived condition indicating that these two taxa form a monophyletic group. This is corroborated by presence of several other shared derived features in the group. The ventral course in Viperinae except Causus is interpreted as a derived reversal indicating the monophyly of 'true' Viperinae (ie. excluding Causus).

David Whitsitt

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/004726609X12482630041843 Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 40 (2009) 140–177 brill.nl/jpp pheno menol ogical p s y c h ology jour nal of A Phenomenological Exploration of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery As Experienced by Th ree Couples David

G. Ch. Anker

MORPHOLOGY OF THE EFFERENT AND AFFERENT GILL-ARCH ARTERIES AND OF THE FILAMENT MUSCLES OF HAPLOCHROMIS ELEGANS TREWAVAS, 1933 (PISCES, CICHLIDAE) by G. CH. ANKER (Research-Group Ecological Morphology, Zoölogisch Laboratorium, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden; Postbus 9516, 2300 RA Leiden; The