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The Authority of the Word

Reflecting on Image and Text in Northern Europe, 1400-1700

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Edited by Celeste Brusati, Karl A. E.. Enenkel and Walter Melion

This book examines scriptural authority and its textual and visual instruments, asking how words and images interacted to represent and by representing to constitute authority, both sacred and secular, in Northern Europe between 1400 and 1700. Like texts, images partook of rhetorical forms and hermeneutic functions – typological, paraphrastic, parabolic, among others – based largely in illustrative traditions of biblical commentary. If the specific relation between biblical texts and images exemplified the range of possible relations between texts and images more generally, it also operated in tandem with other discursive paradigms – scribal, humanistic, antiquarian, historical, and literary, to name but a few – for the connection, complementary or otherwise, between verbal and visual media. The Authority of the Word discusses the ways in which the mutual form and function, manner and meaning of texts and images were conceived and deployed in early modern Europe.

Contributors include James Clifton, John R. Decker, Maarten Delbeke, Wim François, Jan L. de Jong, Catherine Levesque, Andrew Morrall, Birgit Ulrike Münch, Carolyn Muessig, Bart Ramakers, Kathryn Rudy, Els Stronks, Achim Timmermann, Anita Traninger, Peter van der Coelen, Geert Warnar, and Michel Weemans.

Bernhard Sixtus

296 Ecclesiology Authority to Teach in Classical Anglicanism 297 Authority to Teach in Classical Anglicanism BERNHARD SIXTUS 7 rue Auguste Vacquerie, 75116 Paris, France frbernard@gmx.com Ecclesiology 3.3 (2007) 296–322 DOI: 10.1177/1744136607077154 © 2007 SAGE Publications (Los Angeles, London

Simon Stjernholm

example is useful for probing and refining analytical questions and concepts. 2 Changing Religious Authority and DIY Preaching In this section, I shall outline observable developments in Muslim religious authority structures in Europe, including changes in types of preachers and preaching practices

Jeremy J. Kingsley

population identified as Muslim (Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi, 2011). The population is overwhelmingly made up of the Sasak, Lombok’s indigenous ethnic group. 3 Tuan Guru are extremely influential spiritual and socio-political actors on the island, acquiring significant religious and political authority

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Signe Cohen

The Upaniṣads have often been treated as a unified corpus of religious and philosophical texts, separate from the older Vedic tradition. It is well known that the Upaniṣads were initially composed and transmitted within specific schools of Vedic recitation, or Śākhās, but the Śākhā affiliation of each Upaniṣad has received very little attention in the scholarly literature. The author offers a new interpretation of the older Upaniṣads in the light of the Vedic school affiliations of each text. This book argues that issues of textual authority, and in particular the authority of the various Vedic schools, are central in the Upaniṣads, and that the Upaniṣads can, on one level, be read as texts about text. While analyzing the theme of textual authority in the Upaniṣads, the author also outlines a theory of textual criticism as applied to orally transmitted texts that will be of use to textual scholars in other fields as well.

Peter Opitz

The Discovery of Scriptural Authority as the Root and Impulse of the Zurich Reformation The decisive impulse of the Zurich Reformation was not a particular theological tenet or the religious experience of one single reformer. Rather, it was the discovery of the authority of scripture that was

Torsten Hylén

some aspects of authority in this movement and point to what I believe is one factor (out of several) for his achievement. These features will be investigated with the help of the concept of religious aesthetics developed by the German anthropologist Birgit Meyer and others. The reason I have chosen

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Aiyub Palmer

In Sainthood and Authority in Early Islam Aiyub Palmer recasts wilāya in terms of Islamic authority and traces its development in both political and religious spheres up through the 3rd and 4th Islamic centuries. This book pivots around the ideas of al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī, the first Muslim theologian and mystic to write on the topic of wilāya.

By looking at its structural roots in Arab and Islamic social organization, Aiyub Palmer has reframed the discussion about sainthood in early Islam to show how it relates more broadly to other forms of authority in Islam. This book not only looks anew at the influential ideas of al-Tirmidhī but also challenges current modes of thought around the nature of authority in Islamicate societies.

Heinz Scheifinger

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/156853110X517818 Asian Journal of Social Science 38 (2010) 636–656 brill.nl/ajss Internet Threats to Hindu Authority: Puja -ordering Websites and the Kalighat Temple Heinz Scheifinger Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore

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Donald E. Lavigne

the shade of a family member both as a representative of civic mores , but also, and nearly simultaneously, as representative of personal and familial character. The authority of such a visit, i.e. the guarantee of the lasting memorialization that a tomb and a cemetery represents, is reinforced by