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Peter Schröder

the limits of natural law regarding interstate relations. They used classical political or juridical concepts of international political thought – such as interest, balance of power, natural law and history – in their political and philosophical writings. Schmauss and Heineccius were both taught by


Frederik Dhondt

Balance of Power and Norm Hierarchy: Franco-British Diplomacy after the Peace of Utrecht offers a detailed study of French and British diplomacy in the age of ‘Walpole and Fleury’. After Louis XIV’s decease, European international relations were dominated by the collaboration between James Stanhope and Guillaume Dubois. Their alliance focused on the amendment and enlargement of the peace treaties of Utrecht, Rastatt and Baden. In-depth analysis of vast archival material uncovers the practical legal arguments used between Hampton Court and Versailles. ‘Balance of Power’ or ‘Tranquillity of Europe’ were in fact metaphors for the predominance of treaty law even over the most fundamental municipal norms. An implacable logic of norm hierarchy allowed to consolidate peace in Europe.

Jeffrey McGee, Brendan Gogarty and Danielle Smith

the sole source of peace-building in the international domain, especially in areas such as the scs . We argue that the possibilities for international law must be viewed within the context of the ‘associational balance of power’ in international society. We argue that an associational balance of

Strohmeyer, Arno

), and politics (balance of power). This wide range is reflected in the German terminological history. The German Gleichgewicht (“balanceˮ, “equilibriumˮ) as a translation of the Latin aequilibritas and sim...

"Balance of Power" und Pentarchie

Internationale Beziehungen 1700-1785


Heinz Duchhardt

Carolyn J. Pouncy

In the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, the successful reunification of Russia’s appanage principalities drained the pool of Orthodox princesses available to marry the grand princes (later tsars) of Muscovy. Foreign rulers often resisted Russian demands that brides convert to Orthodoxy, and the fiscal and cultural costs of finding wives abroad seemed to outweigh the benefits. But choosing a bride from one of the ruling boyar clans threatened to destabilize the balance of power at court. The Muscovite government’s solution to the problem of finding suitable wives for its rulers without undermining the existing political order was the bride-show. Martin argues that from 1505, when Grand Prince Vasilii III (1505–33) first sent messengers throughout his realm demanding that the middle service gentry produce its unmarried daughters for inspection, until Peter the Great (1682/89–1725) abandoned the practice in 1698 every Muscovite ruler and most male members of the dynasty in power chose their wives through a bride-show. In this way, the elite avoided having to deal with foreign cultural influences and largely prevented political conflict within the boyar clans, both outcomes considered potentially harmful to the state.

Rosita Di Peri

series of new interpretations of the regional balance of power. In this regard, before the outbreak of the uprisings, one of the best-known theories was one that emphasizes the existence of an internal split in the Middle East following the division between Sunnis and Shiites with a focus on the

Buehrig, Edward H.

realists' critiques of Wilson by making the case that he sometimes practiced balance-of-power politics in pursuit of ostensibly idealistic goals, and that he was usually quite practical about America's secu...

Spykman, Nicholas J.

development of geopolitical, balance-of-power thought in the United States.keywordsgrand strategy; balance of power; geopolitics; realism...

Spykman, Nicholas J.

the balance of power, especially in Europe. Additionally, he analyzes the history of U.S. foreign relations with reference to the American geographical position.keywordsworld politics; balance of power...