This study examines a glass bead assemblage from surveyed and excavated portions of the Falemme (Senegal) to present a classification system for the analysis of archaeological beads in Africa and beyond. Although bead classification poses special problems, it is argued that such analysis is worthwhile, as beads may shed light on the dynamics of production, exchange and consumption in the past, on processes of culture change and continuity, and, most particularly, on chronological assessment. Focusing on the latter, the typological analysis helped us extract diagnostic information from the 474 mainly European-made beads, which complements and nicely supports the temporal sequence derived from imported trade materials and local ceramics.
Archaeological investigations on settlements and graveyards near the Mare de Kissi in NE Burkina Faso proved human occupation at that location at least from the 4th century BC up to the 12th/13th century AD. Among others, one important category of finds recovered from excavations are beads: about five thousand of various materials were found, especially as grave goods in the cemeteries, but also in the settlement zones. A clear imbalance in raw materials is visible between beads found in the settlement zones and those from the cemeteries: there is a trend towards low value materials in the settlement zones, while beads found in the graves demonstrate wealth and important trade relations of that society.
This article provides a typological and interpretive analysis of 3968 beads unearthed at Amwathoya, a late 19th-century Giriama homestead site in Kenya’s central coastal hinterland. These beads are predominantly imported glass specimens, and most were recovered from a single cache. The typological analysis of Amwathoya’s assemblage draws on both historical bead terms from 19th-century Eastern Africa and broader classificatory schemes developed by archaeologists in other world areas. Smaller glass bead assemblages from two nearby contemporaneous settlements are also examined for comparative purposes. The interpretive analysis of Amwathoya’s beads focuses on such ornaments’ potential role in the expression of cultural and gendered identities; the use of locally produced shell beads in divination and healing practices is also explored.
FEEDING OF COPEPODITE AND ADULT STAGES OF EUDIAPTOMUS GRACILIS (G.O. SARS, 1863) (COPEPODA, CALANOIDA) ON MIXED PLASTIC BEADS BY NÓRA P. ZÁNKAI Balaton Limnological Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-8237 Tihany, Hungary ABSTRACT Size selection of Eudiaptomus gracilis
Nematology , 2001, Vol. 3(6), 593-601 Capture of nematodes using antiserum and lectin-coated magnetised beads Qing C HEN 1 , Lee R OBERTSON 2 , John T. J ONES 1 , Vivian C. B LOK 1 , Mark S. P HILLIPS 1 and Derek J.F. B ROWN 1 ; ¤ 1 Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA
An unusual gold bead was excavated from the Pre-palatial to early Protopalatial Minoan cemetery of Petras near modern Siteia in eastern Crete (see Tsipopoulou 2010, 2011, 2012a, 2012b, 2012c, 2012d ). It is a hollow pierced disk with strip-like attachments to hold rosette-shaped gemstones on both
. Archaeological excavations conducted between 1993 and 2011 have confirmed the wealth and trade connections of Gao, especially in the period of the 8th-12th centuries. Imports include thousands of glass beads, hundreds of fragments of vessel glass, and substantial amounts of copper-based metals. The glass beads
The beads of the Crossroads of Empires project, deriving from several different locations and contexts, represent a cross section through the local bead usage during more than one and a half millennia. Most of the objects are from Birnin Lafiya (162 beads), while the rest (29 beads, as well as
Chemical analysis of 31 glass beads from the sites of Mahilaka and Sandrakatsy in Madagascar, which date to approximately the 9th to 15th centuries CE, reveals the presence of two main types of glass: mineral- soda glasses and plant-ash glasses. Most of these glasses were probably made in South Asia.