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non-introduced species occurring in the study area. Patterns of species richness were different in amphibians and reptiles as we will further explore in the biogeography section below. Species richness of amphibians was highest in Western-Central Europe, while for reptiles the southern

In: Amphibia-Reptilia

Nineteen genera are currently considered valid in the Ergasilidae. A cladistic analysis was conducted on these genera and the five genera composing the closely allied Vaigamidae. Nineteen morphological characters were selected and polarized using Anthessius (Anthessiidae) as the outgroup. The most parsimonious cladogram (tree length = 60, Consistency Index = 0.50, Retention Index = 0.71), obtained through the use of the BB command in Hennig 86, is composed of eight major clades, with the five vaigamid genera composing the most derived clade. Based on Wiley’s (1981) “sequencing” convention, the five vaigamid genera cannot be placed in a family separate from the Ergasilidae. The biogeography of the ergasilid genera is discussed. Vaigamus spinicephalus is placed separately in a new genus, Pseudovaigamus.

In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde

K were selected between K = 7 ( K ref = 2.199) and K = 16 ( K ref = 4.491), with a mean of 3.177. Biogeographical analysis Biogeographical methods . Hovenkamp (1997) stated that methods that focus on the biogeography of areas, assume areas of endemism as units, and commonly employ

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution
Editor-in-Chief: Ronald Vonk
Contributions to Zoology solicits high-quality papers in all systematics-related branches of comparative zoology (including paleozoology). Preference will be given to manuscripts dealing with conceptual issues and to integrative papers (e.g., ecology and biodiversity, morphology and phylogeny and character state evolution, phylogeny and historical biogeography, systematics and bioinformatics, bioinformatics and biodiversity, habitat disturbance and biogeography, etc.). Reviews and alpha-taxonomic contributions are considered for publication, but acceptance will depend on their high quality and exceptional nature.

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Author: A.J. de Boer

The viridis group is proposed for a supposedly monophyletic group of seven New Guinean species of the cicada genus Baeturia Stål, 1866. Three species (B. brongersma Blöte, B. rufula Blöte, and B. viridis Blöte) are redescribed and four species (B. furcillata, B. karkarensis, B. lorentzi, and B. turgida) are described as new to science. A key to the males is provided. The phylogenetic position of the viridis group within the genus Baeturia is discussed. The distribution of shared characters suggests a subdivision of the group into two subgroups. One subgroup is restricted to southern and western Irian Jaya, while the other is distributed along the coastal mountain ranges of northern New Guinea, including Karkar Island.

In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde
Decapods are the largest, most prominent, and, unfortunately, most threatened freshwater crustaceans. Advances in Freshwater Decapod Systematics and Biology presents a selection of papers by geographical and domain experts, in taxonomy, phylogenetics, biogeography, life history, and conservation. The major groups of freshwater decapods—crabs, crayfish, prawns, and anomurans—are all represented. This volume includes a chapter commemorating Richard Bott’s influence on freshwater crab/decapod biology; descriptions of seven new species (Atyidae, Aeglidae, Pseudothelphusidae, Potamidae, and Sesarmidae); chapters on larval-based phylogenetics and molecular clock calibration; and reviews of longevity and mortality, and of the global conservation status of freshwater decapods. This volume both reflects the current state of research and serves as a primer for future work and more integrative decapod research.
Contributors include: Shane T. Ahyong, Klaus Anger, Georgina Bond-Buckup, Ludwig Buckup, Yixiong Cai, Christian Clavijo, Neil Cumberlidge, James M. Furse, Alberto S. Gonçalves, Guillermo Guerao, Alireza Keikhosravi, Sebastian Klaus, Tainã G. Loureiro, Célio Magalhães, Fernando L. Mantelatto, Jose C. E. Mendoza, , Jérôme Prieto, Silke Reuschel, Vitor Q. A. Sanches, Tobias Santl, Sandro Santos, Fabrizio Scarabino, Christoph D. Schubart, Michael Türkay, Ana Verdi, Günter Vogt, and Darren C. J. Yeo
Author: A.J. de Boer

The genus Guineapsaltria is erected for eight species, distributed in New Guinea and northeastern Queensland. Five species are transferred from the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 and redescribed, viz. G. chinai (Blöte, 1960), G. flava (Goding & Froggatt, 1904), G. pallida (Blöte, 1960),G. stylata (Blöte, 1960), and G. viridula (Blöte, 1960), while three species are described as new to science (G. flaveola n. sp., G. pallidula n. sp., and G. pennyi n. sp.). G. flava is designated as the type species of the genus. Baeturia minuta Blöte, 1960 is synonymized with Guineapsaltria flava. The phylogeny of Guineapsaltria is discussed and some remarks are made on its phylogeneticrelationships with other New Guinean and Australian tibicinid genera. A key to the males and maps of distribution are presented.

In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde
Author: David B. Wake

views on topics ranging from phylogeny and morphology to taxonomy and biogeography. Phylogenetics When Gray ( 1850 ) named the Plethodontidae he included within it species currently considered plethodontids from the Americas, Hydromantes (then Geotriton ) from Europe, but also some

In: Amphibia-Reptilia

Table S3. Biogeography and ancestral range estimation Ancestral ranges of Australasian scarabaeines were estimated in the R package BioGeography with Bayesian (and likelihood) Evolutionary Analysis of RangeS (BioGeoBEARS) using maximum likelihood methods ( Matzke 2013; 2014 ). Our dataset included a

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

The allozyme data base of Arntzen & García-París (1995) on midwife toads (Alytes, Discoglossidae) is reanalysed considering each locus as a discrete character. The phylogeny thus inferred differs from the one obtained with genetic distances in the position of A. dickhilleni from the Betic region – it appears that its sister species is the widespread A. obstetricans, not the Mallorcan endemic A. muletensis. This phylogenetic hypothesis agrees with the taxonomic treatment of the genus based on morphology. A testable biogeographic hypothesis is proposed to account for the diversification of midwife toads in Iberia and the Balearics. The postulated underlying geological changes were the spread of inland saline lakes that divided Iberia (16 mY B.P.), the emergence and break-up of the Betic orogen (14 mY), and the formation of the Betic Strait (8 mY). Dispersal over sea channels or during the Messinian Crisis (6 mY) are deemed unlikely on the basis of ecological and biogeographical data.

In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde