1. Introduction 1.1. Body odour and fluctuating asymmetry An individual’s body odour is a characteristic that can be used by organisms to obtain information about conspecifics, such as dominance (Hăvlicek et al., 2005 ), personality (Sorokowska et al., 2011 ; Sorokowska, 2013
Javier I. Borráz-León, Ana Lilia Cerda-Molina and Lilian Mayagoitia-Novales
The term “body odor” refers to the perceived exhalations of one’s own skin and bodily orifices (Body), The attitude toward body odor in the early modern period varied between delight in fragrances, fear of airborne infection, disgust at mass exhalations, and dislike of the “other.” The use of
As a non-visual mode of communication, body odour plays a significant role in perceptions of self-identity, the identification of others, and the social and psychological aspects of interpersonal exchange. What is more, it is a reflection of our genetic make-up, state of health and our environment. The use of perfume to mask or control body odour is a long-established practice extending from early civilisations. Sprayed on the skin, perfume is understood to stimulate mood or memory, effect cognitive performance or confidence, and even influence sexual attraction. Modern advances in manufacturing technologies however are producing a shift in methods of fragrance delivery. From conventional sprays we are moving toward microencapsulated garments and sensory fashion designs that respond to biometric measures such as heart rate or body temperature. Against this background of technological innovation in fashion and beauty practices, self-labeled ‘body architect’ Lucy McRae has developed the Swallowable Parfum (2011). In its concept phase, McRae’s Swallowable Parfum proposes users will release a unique genetic scent ‘synthesized from the body’s natural processes’, emitted through perspiration. Crossing the dermal threshold, Swallowable Parfum internalises what has previously been an external bodily practice. Can McRae’s project be seen simply as an evolution of technological advances predicated on cosmetic surgical procedures that transform the body? Or does such a product have real potential to render subjects alien from their biological selves, and produce crises in relations with others? This paper will explore these possibilities, including the prospect that Swallowable Parfum could create a revised ‘epidermic self-awareness’, transcending its own difference to create a new, even if synthesised, embodied subjectivity.
Belén Belliure, Eduardo Mínguez and Ana De León
. Storm-petrel chicks can apparently recognize their own body odour, even when tested against the body scent of a conspeci c. Individually distinctive odours may play an important role in facilitating nest recognition. The results indicate self-odour recognition, and suggest that individual odour
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multisensory interaction. Specifically, exposure to pups body odors reshaped neuronal responses to auditory stimuli in A1. This novel olfactory–auditory in- teraction appeared naturally in lactating mothers shortly after parturition and was long lasting. Naive virgins that had experience with the pups also
. 69] The attack is based on Rufus’ alleged body odor, but the body odor is not the point. 6 ) Rather, the poet concentrates on Rufus’ unpopularity with women. Four lines at the beginning deal with this unpopularity; four at the end return to its cause. The accusa- tion of body odor takes the central
people with communicative disabilities or if recognition by (somewhat obscure) factors like gait or body odour is at all possible. More- over, one section of the book is dedicated entirely to civil proceedings, thus destroying the notion that, as far as the practice of law is concerned, psychology may
(Beggar - Class Consciousness)
Edited by Graeme Dunphy
The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History addresses major historical questions:
- which ideas, inventions, and events changed people’s lives?
- in which ways did living conditions change?
- how do political, social, and economic developments interlock?
- which major cultural currents have begun to become apparent?
- how did historical interpretation of certain phenomena change?
The individual articles are connected to one another as in a web of red threads. The reader who follows the threads will keep coming upon new
and unexpected contexts and links.
other colonies. It seemed likely that such recognition resulted either from the behaviour of the intruders or from their strange body odours. In order to determine whether intruders can be recognised by their body odours alone bees which had been anaesthetised with nitrous oxide were introduced one at a