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Author: Lars Hermanson
In this book, Lars Hermanson discusses how religious beliefs and norms steered attitudes to friendship and love, and how these ways of thinking affected social identity and political behaviour. With examples taken from eleventh- and twelfth-century northern Europe, the author investigates why friendship was praised both by brotherhoods of aristocratic warriors and by brethren within monastery walls. Social and political functions rested on personal connections rather than a strong central state in the High Middle Ages. This meant that friendship was an important pragmatic instrument for establishing social order and achieving success in the game of politics.

a professional organization of religious nature, a brotherhood, making the Christians of the Girdle the first of Barcelona’s brotherhoods for foreigners and a precedent of the better-known brotherhood of black freedmen of 1455. However, the brotherhood was in fact an instrument of social framework

In: Medieval Encounters

[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. Church History – III. Current Situation Brotherhoods are a special form of community, not constituted by traditional forms of relationship (Covenant). They are mono-gendered groupings (also “sisterhoods”) distinguished by certain homogeneous

In: Religion Past and Present Online
Authors: Eid Mohamed and Bessma Momani

Introduction In Egypt’s parliamentary elections of November 2005, the Muslim Brotherhood won 88 of 454 seats, forming the largest opposition bloc in the country. At the time, the Brotherhood’s agenda was characterized by a new emphasis on democratic reform. This included demands widely backed

In: Sociology of Islam