Cannibalism, the act of at least partly eating a conspecific, was initially described as a bizarre behaviour exhibited solely within a restricted group of species (Eibl-Eibelsfelt, 1961 ) but is now known to be widespread throughout the animal kingdom (Fox, 1975 ; Polis
Léry, an extraordinary Huguenot who witnessed cannibalism on two continents and survived to write about his experiences. Born in 1534 in Burgundy, Léry departed for Brazil in September of 1556 in order to assist in the establishment of the first Protestant mission in the New World. After returning to
FILIAL CANNIBALISM AS A REPRODUCTIVE STRATEGY IN CARE-GIVING TELEOSTS? by CARL SMITH (Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Dyfed SY23 3DA, UK) ABSTRACT Cannibalism of offspring may be an adaptive reproductive strategy and could occur by two mechanisms. Complete
This paper addresses the German cannibalism case of Armin Meiwes. After a brief summary of events, the essay examines the figure of the cannibal as outside institutionalized discourses and considers the self-cannibalism, or autophagy, of the cannibal’s victim, Bernd Brandes. Drawing upon psychoanalytic perversion and the configuration of the perverse couple, the essay argues that the self-destructive autophage could be a response to the appetites of the modern industrial world. The autophage reveals the cannibal to be a projection of Western appetite and correctly re-situates the appetite in the image of the Western subject consuming itself.
Intraspecific predation, or cannibalism, is a widespread ecological behaviour in the animal kingdom from invertebrates to vertebrates (Fox, 1975 ; Polis, 1981 ), including humans (Shankman, 1969 ). Theory and evidence suggest that cannibalism may have multiple origins
When he was in Cuba, Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) heard of some “Canibales” (cf. Lat. canis, “dog”) who ate human flesh. In fact these were Caribs (Columbus mistook the r for n), ancient inhabitants of the Caribbean, but “cannibalism” became the common term for eating human flesh.
mainland, though he was just as clearly subordinate to Maravi hegemony.
Any account of warfare among the Makua must take account of the persistent, sensationally lurid, Portuguese reports of the mutilation and cannibalism which they practiced upon vanquished enemies. Cannibalism, in particular, is a
1. After landing in the isles of the West Indies in 1492, Columbus reported ‘man-eating’ inhabitants of the islands, the ‘Caribs’ (caribes, caniba, ‘strong,’ ‘shrewd’). The word ‘cannibalism’ was derived from their name. With the discovery of the New World, it replaced the concept of ‘anthropophagy
The term cannibalism, which Columbus coined in 1492 on his first American voyage, is the early modern equivalent to the older word ‘anthropophagy’ (from Greek ánthrōpos, ‘person’, and phageín, ‘to eat’). In the early modern period, both denoted the consumption of human flesh. The scholarly
The Gothic has always thrived on exploiting space and boundaries within the text, whether that means deploying a haunted castle full of hidden (or forbidden) rooms, or having a sinister, foreign Other invade the safety of home and community. American Gothic, in a departure from the European traditions of corrupt clergy and decadent aristocrats in their ancient and crumbling lairs, tends to locate the source of danger in a harsh and uncaring, or even actively demonic wilderness, which again has the capacity to corrupt and disrupt normality in horrific ways. Small town America has, in fiction and film, become a cipher for exploring this Gothic notion of civilisation’s barely imposed order on the wilderness. The two novels discussed in this chapter, Joe R. Lansdale’s The Drive-In (1988), and Stephen King’s Under the Dome (2009) do something startlingly different in terms of spatiality and boundaries. In both stories, a mysterious barrier surrounds a community of people. Rather than introduce a threat from without, both authors proceed to explore the consequences of this confinement upon their imprisoned characters. In doing so, pre-existing tensions come to the surface, and deeply Gothic themes such as religious mania, guilt, and cannibalism explode into the narrative. Under the Dome distils many of the concerns of King’s previous novels dealing with small towns and isolated communities. Lansdale’s The Drive-In, a more wildly fantastical work, takes for its setting one of the key images of Americana: the drive-in movie theatre, and presents a dark vision of Hollywood hallucinations run amok. Both novels use their trapped communities as a microcosm of society and explicitly project a very Gothic vision of human nature onto their subjects. Baudrillard famously claimed that ‘Disneyland is presented as imaginary in order to make us believe that the rest is real.’ These novels, in offering the reader a horrific amusement playground, lay bare the contradiction at the heart of American Gothic: that the horror has always been within.