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Author: Sara Dillon

/7/18/bolivia-child-labor.html >, visited on 18 September 2014. A study conducted in 2008 by the International Labor Organization [hereinafter ilo ] and Bolivian government found that nearly 90 per cent of children were engaged in the worst forms of child labour, including hazardous agriculture and mining

In: Nordic Journal of International Law
Author: Holly Cullen
The Role of International Law in the Elimination of Child Labor offers an indispensible contribution to current debates on child labor. It addresses a broad range of subdisciplines, analyzing child labor in the context of social, economic, and cultural issues. The first part of the book traces the development of contemporary law relating to child labor, specifically addressing child slavery, child sexual exploitation, and the use of child soldiers. Part II is devoted to observance and enforcement, discussing state and private reporting mechanisms, complaint procedures, and sanctions.

The book is the 28th volume in the Procedural Aspects of International Law (PAIL) Monograph Series.
Author: Percy K. Yiadom

Child labour is pervasive and has been escalating over the last decade. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that there are approximately 250 million working children between the ages of 5 and 14, of which at least 120 million are involved in full time work that are both hazardous and exploitative. Driven by public outrage, and the adoption of the ILO’s 1999 convention C182, the exploitation of child labour has received increasing attention, and efforts to combat this phenomenon has gained momentum, yet solutions remain elusive. Using the theoretical prism of anti-racism, this chapter intends to explore the complex factors that force children into unsuitable forms of work and to examine effective interventions suited to unique socio-cultural and economic environments. This chapter argues that the absence of an international definition on child labour makes it hard to prevent. Child labour is a problem that links with larger complications concerning labour markets and economic development and therefore should not be addressed alone.

In: New Framings on Anti-Racism and Resistance
Author: Shahana Purveen

Child labour is one of the pressing issues currently confronting India and with many other South Asian countries. In India child labour is widespread and is not bring to an end despite of various Laws and policies in favour of working children. Working children are always vulnerable as regards to their basic rights such as right to love and affection, right to life, survival and development. Innocent children work in all the parts of country but a major chunk of these children is found in various industries of India like glass industry, lock industry, brassware industry, carpet industry, match industry etc. Many of these industries are situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Present study focuses on child labour in Lock Industry of Aligarh. Aligarh is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India and known as ‘Tala Nagri (lock city)’. At the national and international level, it is recognized for the production of locks but very few are aware that large number of children is working in the hazardous environment of the lock industry. In lock industries children are engaged in various hazardous actives such as working on hand presses, polishing and buffing machines, electroplating and spray painting units, filling components and etc. These activities are very hazardous especially for these little children due to the chemicals used. The study explains how the working environment/workplace affects the overall development of child labourers and it keeps them away from childhood. The study used qualitative emethodology as it tries to study the perception of child labourers, toward their overall development in the lock industry; it also tries to understand through the perception of employers and parents how the working life and work place affect the development children. Data has been analysed by using the qualitative narratives.

In: Explorations of Childhood

Although child labor usually takes place publicly, a wall of silence typically surrounds it. Parents are mostly silent out of shame that poverty forces them to exploit their children. Employers are silent out of anxiety lest they lose a cheap and malleable work force. Authorities often close their

In: The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

In the context of child labour, “child” for historians means those under the age of fourteen, and “labor” (Work) usually means gainful employment, although all forms of economic activity are sometimes included. The term (as Kinderarbeit) is first found in German encyclopedias only after the middle

1 Introduction The abolition of child labour has been one of the principle objectives of the International Labour Organization ( ilo ) ever since its inception in 1919. However, when analysing legal and policy documents issued by the ilo over the last 100 years, a more nuanced picture emerges

In: The ILO @ 100

Economics: Child Labor: Iran and Afghanistan Economics: Child Labor: South Asia Economics: Child Labor: Sub-Saharan Africa Economics: Child Labor: Turkey...

Author: Yoshie Noguchi

) Th e principal ones are: the Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138) and supplementing Recommendation No.146; and the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182) and supplementing Recommendation No.190. 20 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and International Action against

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights

South Asian countries, like other developing countries, have been struggling to eliminate child labor. However, complex sociopolitical and economic factors help to maintain child labor in the region. The International Labour Organization (ILO) has identified poverty as the cause and consequence of