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Tamir Bar-On

comprehensive in their comparison of Islamism and fascism. 78 Unfortunately, few scholars have meticulously attempted to seriously compare and contrast Islamism and fascism. Clerical fascism is the closest ideologically to Islamism. In short, Islamism does not equal fascism, but Islamism is a form of

Đorđe Tomić

The political transformation in the former Yugoslavia during the 1990s was marked by the establishment of a nationalist political mainstream. As a consequence of the Yugoslav wars, nationalism gained broad acceptance in most post-Yugoslav societies. This led to the emergence of many radical right groups, the majority of which support the nationalist policies of the Yugoslav successor states. Since the regime changes in most post-Yugoslav states around the year 2000, the nationalist paradigm has shifted towards a new mainstream, combining the promise of EU accession with neoliberal economic reforms, and slowly abandoning nationalism as a means of political mobilization/demobilization. The radical right groups in the post-Yugoslav area were generally on the right side during the 1990s, but they now face marginalization and even prosecution by state authorities. When pushed to the edge of the political field, however, these groups reorganize themselves. At the same time, several developments are fostering their existence and activities, namely the discursive normalization of nationalism, an unchallenged nationalist revisionism of history, and the reluctance of large parts of society to deal critically with the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s. Finally, due to the lack of strong left-wing parties and organizations, the radical right groups represent the only political alternative to the new pro-European mainstream. This article looks at the formation and development of radical right groups in the post-Yugoslav area, and situates this in the political context of the last two decades.

Yeshayahu Jelinek

Polonophiles under Karol Sidor; the Christian Social Trade Unionists, and the Central-Slovakians, led by Father Dr. Jozef Tiso. Tiso attracted the advocates of "Christian Democracy," actually a euphemism for "Clerical Fascism." From the ranks of the radicals emerged the "separatists"-partisans of Slovakia

Yeshayahu Jelinek

doctrines. Such a blending is occasionally de- scribed as "clerical Fascism," a term vague and undefined. But the president was definitively pro-German, an admirer of Hitler, and one who abstained from taking a stand on the actions of his Nazi protectors. Tiso continued to co- operate with Berlin to the

Approaching the Social History of Romanian Fascism

The Legionaries of Vâlcea County in the Interwar Period

Oliver Jens Schmitt

modest numbers of partisans (ca. one hundred in two villages, 20–25 in other two villages and twenty in one village). 54  cnsas , dossier D 19733 vol. 1, 4. 55 Matthew Feldman and Marius Turda, ‘“Clerical Fascism” in Interwar Europe: An Introduction,’ Totalitarian Movements and Political

Intellectual Fascism

Per Engdahl and the Formation of ‘New-Swedish Socialism’

Lena Berggren

interwar Sweden, see further Lena Berggren, ‘Completing the Lutheran Reformation: Ultra-nationalism, Christianity and the Possibility of “Clerical Fascism” in Interwar Sweden,’ in Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe , ed. Matthew Feldman, Marius Turda and Tudor Georgescu (Abingdon & New York: Routledge

John Paul Newman

Tomislav Dulić, Utopias of Nation: Local Mass Killing in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet, 2005); Maria Falina, ‘Between “Clerical Fascism” and Political Orthodoxy: Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Interwar Serbia,’ in Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe , ed. Matthew Feldman

Miroslav Mareš

, headed by former Rodobrana leader Štěpán Slavotínek and boasting only between ten and twenty members. 37 As indicated above, in Moravia a strong foundation (around nine thousand members) 38 was created for the fascist movement, which was partially intertwined with Catholic clerical fascism. A great

Susanne Hohler

Russian fascists. See for example: Roger Eatwell, ‘Reflections on Fascism and Religion,’ Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions 4 (2003): 145-166; Matthew Feldman, ed., Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe (London: Routledge, 2008); Derek Hastings, Catholicism and the Roots of Nazism: Religious

Science, Race, and Empire

Ethnography in Vienna before 1918

Andre Gingrich

from the end of ww I to clerical-fascism and to the subsequent Nazi takeover of Austria. Yet there can also be no doubt that decisive factors had grown by 1918 that would influence the subsequent course of events precisely into that direction. Schmidt and his svd network would be attempting a