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democracies different types of corruption, especially clientelism, varies. Previous research has shown that clientelism and other forms of corruption can make democracies less efficient at meeting the needs of their citizenry (Rose-Ackerman 1996, 1997, 1999, 2017; De la Croix and Delavallande 2011; Bardhan

In: Comparative Sociology

1 Introduction Political clientelism is one of the most prevalent practices that undermine transparent governance in Kenya and other developing democracies in the global south. It manifests in different forms and shapes, such as monetary tokens, donations, and favors, to influence voters to

In: The African Review

, though, the incidence of clientelism in the four countries appears to be substantially different. Whereas in Spain and Portugal, clientelistic practices were and, in some cases, still are anchored at the traditional form of notables-clients exchanges, in Greece and Italy, especially in the South

In: Unframing and Reframing Mediterranean Spaces and Identities

it evolved by the 1930s was little more than a revival of long-standing patterns of clientelism that can be traced to the distant Muscovite past. Party elites and, most important, Stalin himself, were able to gain loyal followings through their control of scarce resources, opportunities for

In: Canadian-American Slavic Studies

Brković, Č. (2017). Managing ambiguity: How clientelism, citizenship, and power shape personhood in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Vol. 31). Berghahn Books. Pp. 208 isbn 978-1785334153 Introduction Clientelism is a practice present in all political systems. The discipline of political science

In: Bandung