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Jennifer J. Marlow and Lauren E. Sancken

Relocation requires reimagining the role of law and policy in assisting community relocation planning in predisaster contexts. For decades, the 467-person Inupiaq whaling village of Kivalina, Alaska, has navigated agency-led relocation processes and sought legal remedies to pursue relocation as a comprehensive means of addressing overcrowding, inadequate water and sanitation services, and the impacts of climate change on permafrost and coastline stability. Despite Kivalina’s highly successful efforts to create media and public awareness of its situation, no actionable relocation plans have emerged out of Kivalina’s formal engagement with traditional legal and policy avenues. This article examines three issues: (1) Kivalina’s current efforts to relocate within the context of its colonial past; (2) the limited us federal and state regulatory mechanisms available to Kivalina and other displaced Arctic tribal communities; and (3) ad hoc models that embrace the complexity of self-reliant relocation in predisaster contexts.

Maxine Burkett

contrasts with earlier drafts of the proposed agreement that vacillated, on the one hand, between a more fully articulated proposal for a climate-change-displacement facility, and, on the other, no mention of climate-related displacement at all. With regard to the contentious issue of liability and

Abdul Awal Khan

departments and ministries. Moreover, institutional inequities and lack of institutional flexibility are social and practical barriers. Climate change displacement requires robust legal and institutional frameworks to remove weaknesses and inconsistencies. Institutional strengthening is required to ensure

Human Mobility and Climate Change

Transitioning from a Rights-based Approach to an Adaptive Approach

Grant Dawson and Rachel Laut

. This should also extend to all internally displaced persons, refugees and asylum-seekers situated in climate change hotspots who are doubly affected by conflicts and climate impacts. 366 Provisions which would have established a ‘climate change displacement coordination facility’ in the loss and

Emma Allen

of climate change. While, in an attempt to resolve this problem, scholars such as Docherty and Giannini have called for a new international treaty on climate change displacement to create a new class of refugee-like protected persons, 44 others, most notably McAdam, argue that it is premature to

Tony George Puthucherril

“sinking” small islands phenomenon. 12 One of the major theatres where climate change displacement will be played out in its extremity is South Asia, particularly its coastal regions. It is estimated that nearly 125 million people will migrate in the coming century, of which 75 million will be from

Mostafa Mahmud Naser

, supra note 22, p. 13. 36)  Refugee Convention, supra note 24. 37)  Zetter, supra note 22, 398. 38)  J. McAdam, ‘Swimming against the Tide: Why a Climate Change Displacement Treaty is not the Answer’, 23:1 International Journal of Refugee Law (2011) pp. 2–27. 39)   Ibid

Sea Level Rise and Impacts on Maritime Zones and Limits

The Work of the ila Committee on International Law and Sea Level Rise

David Freestone, Davor Vidas and Alejandra Torres Camprubí

climate change impacts on statehood include M. B. Gerrard and G. E. Wannier, op cit.; Lilian Yamamoto and Miguel Esteban, Atoll Island States and International Law: Climate Change Displacement and Sovereignty (Berlin: Springer, 2013); Jenny Grote Stoutenberg, Disappearing Island States in International

Lyal S. Sunga

Environmental Law Review (2009) pp. 349–403, but see J. McAdam, ‘Swimming against the Tide: Why a Climate Change Displacement Is Not the Answer’, 23 International Journal of Refugee Law (2011) pp. 2–27. 58  See Z. Ntozintle Jobodwana, ‘Africa, Global Warming and Climate Change Environmental Court