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Are L. Svendsen, Rainer O. Bless and Matthew K. Richards

Matthew K. Richards, International Center for Law and Religion Studies, DOI: 10.1163/187103211X576080 Brigham Young Universtiy Religion and Human Rights 6 (2011) 151–183 brill.nl/rhrs Religion Human Rights Voluntary Codes of Conduct for Religious Persuasion: Effective Tools for Balancing Human

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Michael G. Karnavas

understood by defence counsel within the context of the peculiarities associated with their own legal system. Also, the codes of conduct for defence counsel adopted by the international courts do not sufficiently define or explain a defence counsel’s ethical duties. In theory, this should not pose any

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Edited by Gert de Nooy

The Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security, adopted by OSCE member states during the Budapest Summit of December 1994, has become a significant addition to the range of politically binding documents of the OSCE.
The Code, besides referring to internationally legally binding provisions for the conduct of politico-military affairs, codifies some of the existing norms on the democratic control and use of armed forces for interstate and intrastate purposes. It also lays down guidelines for the personal responsibility and accountability of the individual members of these armed forces. Moreover, this latest product of OSCE norm setting aims at becoming a valuable and effective instrument for the prevention of armed conflict.
The significance, validity, and virtues of the Code are critically examined in this work. It is based on a seminar which was sponsored by the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Germany and the Netherlands, and organized by the Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael, in cooperation with the German Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
The book introduces the Code as a whole and deals with experiences from the negotiating table. It links the Code with international law and evaluates the Code on its early warning and conflict prevention merits. The work also investigates the connections between the Code and civil-military relations in the cases of Poland, the Russian Federation, and Germany and charts the way ahead for implementation of the Code. Finally, the Editor summarizes the main conclusions and highlights of the debate.
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Victor-Yves Ghebali

A regime for the democratic control of armed forces exists in the OSCE area (which stretches from Vancouver to Vladivostok) through a “Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security” (1994). This instrument, which links civil-military relations to human rights and international humanitarian law, has no counterpart in other security organizations. Intruding into an area of state power hitherto considered a sanctum sanctorum, it commits the OSCE member states to a regular exchange of information on the status of the democratic control of their armed forces, as well as on such issues as the fight against terrorism and the stationing of troops on foreign soil.
The book represents an urgently needed reference work on both the contents and the impact of the Code; drawing on as-yet unpublished materials, it offers a paragraph-by-paragraph commentary on the Code, as well as an in-depth assessment of implementation trends in the OSCE region.
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Karl P. Sauvant

these firms by the governments of host countries? This challenge has been on the international agenda since the end of World War II. However, it was only in the late 1970s that negotiators began to formulate a comprehensive multilateral instrument, the United Nations Code of Conduct on Transnational

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Rienk Terpstra

The OSCE Code of Conduct Setting new standards in the politico-military field? Rienk Terpstra1 Introduction The Budapest Summit Declaration was adopted on 6 December 1994. Since then, the Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Relations, which constitutes an important part of the document, has

Transnational Corporations and the United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations with the mandate, as their highest priority of work, of concluding a Code of Conduct on Transnational Corporations, Con...

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Michael R. Lucas

The War in Chechnya and the OSCE Code of Conduct Michael R. Lucas Introduction The Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security' was adopted by the OSCE states at the Budapest Review Meeting (10 October - 6 December 1994). The Code is a catalogue of 43 standards and rules

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Anna Oriolo

from proprio motu prosecutorial investigations implying that the assessment of alleged violations as crimes against humanity exceed the limits of the Prosecutor’s statutory discretion. 11 While entry into force of the Code of Conduct for the Office of the Prosecutor ( otp ) in 2013 unquestionably

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Willem van Genugten and Sophie vanBijsterveld

economic order."' INTRODUCTION I n its advisory report "Human Rights and International Economic Rela- tions", the Dutch Advisory Committee on Human Rights and Foreign Policy discusses the potentially positive effects of codes of conduct for multina- tional enterprises on human rights practices in various