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due to factors that occurred during the conflict. 32 Blanket amnesty may be a tool to secure a cessation of hostilities, but the high amount of conflict relapse during the 1990s demonstrates that the end of hostilities does not necessarily indicate sustainable peace. Although there has been a

In: International Criminal Law Review

Crimes  1067–1094 Hanna Bosdriesz and Sander Wirken Amnesty, Revenge, and the Threat of Conflict Relapse  1095–1122 Jacob Childers Barasa , Bribery and Beyond: Offences against the Administration of Justice at the International Criminal Court  1123–1149 Mayeul

In: International Criminal Law Review

agreement, that 52 per cent of them recurred, while 50 per cent of the crises that did not end with an agreement also recurred. In the ten years of the new millennium, 34 per cent of the mediated conflicts relapsed, compared with 21 per cent of the unmediated conflicts. Mediation, then, creates less

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

in case of security or conflict relapses in the post bellum stage, it is generally accepted that treaty provisions granting protection and security to investments and investors, namely (full) protection and security (FPS) clauses, 32 comprise an obligation for States to provide physical or police

In: The Journal of World Investment & Trade

‘conflict trap’ of a cycle of ongoing armed conflict and economic decline. Almost half of all countries coming out of conflict relapse into armed violence within a decade of a peace agreement, owing both to pre-conflict characteristics that led to conflict in the first place, and to the post-violence legacy

In: Global Responsibility to Protect

Threat of Conflict Relapse’ (2014) 14(6) International Criminal Law Review 1095, 1097. 52 See for example ‘Amnesty Laws and Their Role in the Safeguard and Promotion of Human Rights’, un Doc. E/CN .4/Sub.2/1985/16. 53 LJ Laplante, ‘Outlawing Amnesty: The Return of Criminal Justice in

In: International Human Rights Law Review