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Bill Endres

This essay examines complexities that attend digitizing a cultural heritage artifact that is sacred to a contemporary community. It argues that scholars must first determine how the artifact participates in the life of its community. If this participation is integral, scholars should treat the artifact as a present-day cultural phenomenon, inseparable from its community. To explain the implications of this shift, the author turns to ethnography, which has a lengthy tradition of interacting with communities for generating research. Photographing a sacred artifact is not unlike other ethnographic research, whether tape recording stories, collecting documents, or gathering information about social practices. To guide digital work, the essay proposes ethnographic ethical principles, demonstrating their value in digitizing the 8th-century St Chad Gospels at Lichfield Cathedral, England—supporting Jamie Bianco's recent call for an "ethical turn" in the digital humanities.

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Working Together

Recommendations for Indigenous and Archaeological Custodianship of Past in Canada


April Chabot

legislation. The Cultural Property Export and Import Act is designed to protect against the removal of cultural heritage artifacts from the country without appropriate permits. Perpetrators may be subject to further penalties under UNESCO sanctions (Cultural Property Export and Import Act: 12). Neither