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Diplomacy and Advocacy

The case of the King of Denmark v. Dutch Skippers before the Danzig City Council (1564–1567)

Justyna Wubs-Mrozewicz and Alain Wijffels

law of nations, had to be addressed. A quasi-legal process of adjudication was chosen – although it may seem paradoxical today – as an alternative form of conflict management. In this particular case, it was a politically expedient instrument which supplemented traditional diplomacy.
 The first co

Dante Fedele

rooted in canon law and was elaborated by ius commune jurists based on the de officio legati section in the Liber Extra (1234) 1 . Although pontifical diplomacy and the specialization of the functions of papal legates had seen a remarkably rapid development from the mid 11th century onwards, it was

Hanan Kholoussy

job and relationships. There are many examples of ministers who have succeed over their colleagues because they have smart elegant wives who are well mannered and good at etiquette, who work on establishing what is a la mode and not just concerned with diplomacy, but personal and familial

Plural Diplomacies

Normative Predicaments and Functional Imperatives


Noé Cornago

In Plural Diplomacies: Normative Predicaments and Functional Imperatives Noé Cornago asserts the need to restore the long-interrupted continuity between the relevance of diplomacy as raison de système - in a world which is much more than a world of States - and its unique value as a way to mediate the many alienations experienced by individuals and social groups. The book contends that an incursion beyond conventional understanding of diplomatic studies, into fields of knowledge such as social studies of science, psychology, critical sociology of law, or conceptual history, offers expanded potential within the field by addressing the modern complexities of global life. With particular attention to the semantics of diplomacy, pluralization of diplomacy, diplomacy within states, commodity diplomacy, and finally, antidiplomacy, 'PluralDiplomacies: Normative Predicaments and Functional Imperatives' offers a new vision of diplomacy for the twenty-first century.

Bruce Gregory

distill from past and present experiences. They represent complexities that, taken literally, would overwhelm. 1 In diplomacy, boundaries , beginnings and patterns are maps that help us separate and connect our perceptions of reality. 2 Boundaries map analytical distinctions and prompt interesting

Economic Diplomacy

Japan and the Balance of National Interests


Maaike Okano-Heijmans

This book by Maaike Okano-Heijmans makes an important contribution to the concept of economic diplomacy.

A conceptual-study mode of economic diplomacy is combined with applied analysis of Japan’s economic diplomacy practice. The two approaches reinforce one another, yielding a conceptualization of economic diplomacy that is grounded in practical insights.

A comprehensive approach
A core argument in the book is that economic diplomacy, strategically, affirms that economic/commercial interests and political interests reinforce one another and should thus be seen in tandem. This contrasts with the predominant approach in the transatlantic world, which attaches relatively greater importance to the military–economic linkage in the quest for influence.

The case of Japan
Japan has employed economic diplomacy as a central instrument of its foreign policy and quest for national security since the post-war period. The reconfiguration of regional and global power that started in the 1990s encouraged the Japanese government, in coordination and cooperation with the private sector, to reassess its economic diplomacy policy.

Power shifts
Economic Diplomacy: Japan and the Balance of National Interests illuminates the debates underlying these shifts, the various ways by which Japan’s reinvention of its economic diplomacy is implemented, and the consequences for Japanese foreign policy at large.
Practical relevance

The critical insights offered by the examination of Japan are pertinent for Western countries, as well as for other East Asian nations. They will be of interest to scholars and practitioners of diplomacy, international relations and international economic law and policy.

This book is the ninth volume in the Diplomatic Studies series, edited by Jan Melissen and published by Brill, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

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Edited by Paul Sharp and Geoffrey Wiseman

These essays examine questions arising from the Obama administration's efforts to revive American diplomacy and its response to the ways in which diplomacy itself is being transformed. The essays examine these questions from a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives provided by scholars and diplomats from around the world and within the United States.

A common focus of the collection is on how diplomacy's contribution to the effectiveness of foreign policy has been undervalued in the United States by governments, the foreign policy community, and academics. Together, the essays seek to raise awareness of American diplomacy conducted at all levels of government and society. They consider its future prospects in the context of America's economic difficulties and the anticipated further erosion of its international position. And they ask how American diplomacy may be strengthened in the interests of international peace and security, whether under a second term Obama administration or the leadership of a new president.


Costas M. Constantinou, Noé Cornago and Fiona McConnell

Diplomacy is no longer restricted to a single vocation nor implemented exclusively through interaction amongst official representatives. In exploring the challenges that these transformations produce, this work surveys firstly, the genealogy of diplomacy as a profession, tracing how it changed from a civic duty into a vocation requiring training and the acquisition of specific knowledge and skills. Secondly, using the lens of the sociology of professions, the development of diplomacy as a distinctive profession is examined, including its importance for the consolidation of the power of modern nation-states. Thirdly, it examines how the landscape of professional diplomacy is being diversified and, we argue, enriched by a series of non-state actors, with their corresponding professionals, transforming the phenomenology of contemporary diplomacy. Rather than seeing this pluralization of diplomatic actors in negative terms as the deprofessionalization of diplomacy, we frame these trends as transprofessionalization, that is, as a productive development that reflects the expanded diplomatic space and the intensified pace of global interconnections and networks, and the new possibilities they unleash for practising diplomacy in different milieus.

Halvard Leira and Iver B. Neumann

humankind in the study of politics, this article takes its lead from the American comedian Will Rogers, who once defined diplomacy as ‘the art of saying “Nice doggie” until you can find a rock’, and argues that important parts of human interrelations are left unexplored if inter-species interactions are

Economic Diplomacy

Economic and Political Perspectives

Edited by Peter A.G. van Bergeijk, Maaike Okano-Heijmans and Jan Melissen

In a climate of enhanced global competition, attention for economic diplomacy has substantially grown, as much in the West as in other parts of the world. This book conceptualizes economic diplomacy and adds to a better understanding of its central place in the theory and practice of international relations. With original research from a number of thematic and regional perspectives, scholars from diplomatic studies, economics, international relations and political economy make this a unique multidisciplinary contribution to a burgeoning field.