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Patrick Allington

In this essay, I argue that Australian literary magazines are—and should be—primarily sites of dissent. But I also recognize that literary magazines sit on the fringes of the Australian national conversation and that relatively few Australian readers engage with them. I see dissent as a constructive and essential element of Australia’s imperfect capitalist liberal democracy and civil society and as a constructive and essential element of the way Australians seek to understand—or avoid seeking to understanding—the place of Australia in the world. Literary magazines rightly sit on fringes, and yet their minimal exposure to the mainstream is troubling and limiting.

Reclaiming Dissent

Civics Education for the 21st Century

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Edited by Mordechai Gordon

Reclaiming Dissent is a unique collection of essays that focus on the value of dissent for the survival of democracy in the United States and the role that education can play with respect to this virtue. The various contributors to this volume share the conviction that the vitality of a democracy depends on the ability of ordinary citizens to debate and oppose the decisions of their government. Yet recent history in the United States suggests that dissent is discouraged and even suppressed in the political, cultural and educational arenas. Many Americans are not even aware that democracy is not primarily about voting every four years or majority rule, but about actively participating in public debates and civic action. This book makes a strong case for the need to reclaim a tradition in the United States, like the one that existed during the Civil Rights Era, in which dissent, opposition, and conflict were part of the daily fabric of our democracy. Teacher educators, teacher candidates, new teachers, and educators in general can greatly benefit from reading this book.

Erica Chenoweth

around the world today—from Burundi to China to Macedonia to Brazil to Iceland—are in the midst of mass popular uprisings challenging entrenched power. As I detail below, such uprisings have involved decidedly more nonviolent (albeit disruptive) dissent over time. Some governments respond to them with

John Brady Kiesling

The Duty of Diplomatic Dissent John Brady Kiesling 9 Chairefontos Street, 10558 Athens (Plaka), Greece brady@helada.org Received 26 September 2006; accepted 5 October 2006 Summary The poor outcome of the Iraq War has highlighted the usefulness of ‘reality-based’ foreign policy. Yet the personal

Loyalty, Dissent, and Betrayal

Modern Lithuania and East-Central European Moral Imagination

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Leonidas Donskis

Loyalty and betrayal are among key concepts of the ethic of nationalism. Marriage of state and culture, which seems the essence of the congruence between political power structure and collective identity, usually offers a simple explanation of loyalty and dissent. Loyalty is seen as once-and-for-all commitment of the individual to his or her nation, whereas betrayal is identified as a failure to commit him or herself to a common cause or as a diversion from the object of political loyalty and cultural/linguistic fidelity. For conservative or radical nationalists, even social and cultural critique of one’s people and state can be regarded as treason, whereas for their liberal counterparts it is precisely what constitutes political awareness, civic virtue, and a conscious dedication to the people and culture.
This book is the first attempt to provide a discursive map of Lithuanian liberal and conservative nationalism. Analyzing the works and views of dissenters and critics of society and culture, we can reveal a mode of being of liberal nationalism as a social and cultural criticism. This volume is of interest for intellectual historians, social theorists, students of East-Central European thought, and anyone interested in Baltic studies and the new members of the EU. Dissent: act of betrayal, or loyalty? Leonidas Donskis' new remarkable study is one consistent, thorough and dedicated effort to provide an answer to that question. – Zygmunt Bauman (from the Preface)

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Aslı Tekinay

and benevolence in the face of violence, savagery, and primitivism witnessed in the war. Thus as they bring the war home, war veterans introduce a new rhetoric of dissent, which clashes with the conventional rhetoric of flowery exaggeration. The new rhetoric shows the hollowness of the deep

Preachers by Night

The Waldensian Barbes (15th–16th Centuries)

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Gabriel Audisio

First inspired by Vaudes in around 1170, the Waldensians formed a religious dissent which survived into the sixteenth century. Respecting the Gospel to the letter, their rejection of oaths, falsehood, the death penalty, purgatory and the intercession of saints marginalized them in the society of the times. Their survival depended on their will to adapt. Organisation became necessary to withstand the pressures of time and space as their community extended across Europe (France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Bohemia, Poland). Preachers, called “barbes” in the diaspora’s Romance wing, embodied the ideal lifestyle and unity of their community. This is the story and history of those preachers – celibate, arduous, pious men whose itinerant mission it was to maintain a clandestine but vehement faith.

Patrick Quinton-Brown

change, Chinese and Russian delegations have thrice justified vetoes that enable an oppressive regime to deliberately ignore its responsibility to protect its own civilians. Whereas the decision to intervene in Libya was met with only quiet opposition, Syria has made the problem of R2P dissent more

14 Unintentional Dissent

Eating Meat and Religious Identity among British Residents in Early Modern Livorno

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Stefano Villani

Abstract

Livorno, one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the early modern Mediterranean area, has been the background of many conversions to Catholicism by Protestant foreigners. Often the choice to convert reflected, more than the final result of a religious internal struggle, just the desire to fit in, following the decision to live forever in Italy. One of the heretical tenets that Protestants were asked to recant when converting was the notion that it was no “sin to eat meat on days prohibited by the Church.” The observance or transgression of holy days of precept, contributed visibly, because of its symbolic value, to defining identity boundaries between the Protestant and the Catholic world. Based on a systematic study of abjurations and on trials of the Holy Office of Pisa and Livorno, this chapter considers the expression of unintentional dissent by these new converts, dissent that often manifested itself in unorthodox attitudes such as eating meat on prohibited days.


Deportations, the Spreading of Dissent and the Development of Democracy

The Confino on Ponza and Ventotene during Italian Fascism and its Political Aftermath

Francesca Falk

Deportations on political grounds, by contrast, attempt to exclude both rebellious people and inopportune topics from the space of domestic debate. However, even though dissent and deportation may seem to be inherently opposed to each other, this article makes a case for conceptualising dissent and