The perception of artworks rarely—if ever—results in the instantiation of a determinate meaning. Instead, when entering an art gallery, we often expect Semantic Instability (SeIns): the experience of perceptual and cognitive habits being challenged. By comparing the experience of an artistic movie in an exhibition with the experience in a laboratory via the Continuous Evaluation Procedure, we found that the movie was less semantically unstable and more pleasing to the eyes of gallery visitors than to those of participants in the laboratory. These findings suggest that a gallery context might induce the expectation of perceptual challenge, thus decreasing the intensity of SeIns and at the same time heightening the appreciation of SeIns. Exhibition visitors might even be on the lookout for challenging experiences.
Claudia Muth, Marius Hans Raab and Claus-Christian Carbon
M.K. Mackay and N. Pillay
Variation in spatial cognition is correlated with differences in the environments where animals originate, such that different environments might select for different cognitive ability. We investigated whether three sister species of the striped mouse genus Rhabdomys differed in their spatial cognition. The species originated from three locations across a rainfall gradient in southern Africa, which vary in habitat complexity. We tested individuals in a modified Barnes maze and asked whether the species had different spatial memory and navigation and whether these differences were related to their geographic location. We showed that the species had similar spatial memory and cue use, differing only when external cues were initially removed and during the first probe test of spatial memory. The similarities suggest that the environment of origin is not associated with spatial cognition in Rhabdomys, and that spatial cognition is phylogenetically constrained or there might be similar selection pressures across the distribution.
Marco Dinis and Guillermo Velo-Antón
highlights the differences in female body size and clutch and brood size between larviparous and pueriparous fire salamanders (Velo-Antón et al., 2015 ). Comparatively, little is known about the evolutionary and ecological context of reproductive diversification in Salamandra algira . This is a North
Franz Krause and Veronica Strang
. This special issue presents recent anthropological research on the metaphorical and material relations between water and life, exploring the ways in which the vitality of water is constituted, negotiated and used in various socio-ecological contexts, with cases from North America, Siberia, the Himalaya
investigate the ecological context of intergroup agonism (IGA) in white-faced capuchins ( Cebus capucinus ) to elucidate the roles of feeding and mating competition, explicitly ex- ploring both long- and short-term competitive strategies. Short-term mating competition is not a major function of IGA in C
Alain Person, Sylvie Amblard-Pison, Hélène Jousse, Thibault Vallette, Chloé Albaret, Michel Raimbault, Anne-France Maurer and Joël Suire
Presented here are some aspects of an archaeological investigation conducted in eastern Mauritania in the region of Dhar Nema, a south-eastern extension of the Oualata and Tichitt cliffs (Dhar). This evidence is presented with a focus on its environmental context. The escarpment of the Dhar, a specific geomorphological environment, provided a refuge geoecosystem that continued to supply water during the second part of the Holocene. During the period leading to the current aridity in the southern Sahara, the neolithic populations came there to seek refuge. Amongst more than 70 sites studied, six were chosen that each illustrate a different topographic and ecological context and the interactions of the populations with these. Their location corresponds to varied geological “accidents” oriented perpendicular to the escarpment and in direction of the Baten. In order to survive in this fragile environment during this warming period, the populations developed essential social and technical innovations. These sites have evidenced the characteristics of the evolution of a culture that existed from the 3rd millennium before our era, with notably a social organisation in villages as well as agricultural practices and animal husbandry, which developed from the commencement of their sedentarisation.
Verhältnisbestimmungen im Kontext des Klimawandels
Die Untersuchung widmet sich in einer tiefergehenden Auseinandersetzung den vielfältigen mythischen Formen im ökologischen Diskurs. Klassische mythische Erzählelemente, wie etwa das Szenario einer drohenden Apokalypse, sind in den politischen und (populär-)wissenschaftlichen Diskussionen beständig präsent und werden mitunter bewusst aufgegriffen, um die Gesellschaft ökologisch zu mobilisieren. Daneben wird der Klimawandel aber auch vielfach zum Thema und Motor neuer Mythen: »Neo- und Retromythen«. Deren Analyse verspricht neue Perspektiven auf drängende Herausforderungen unserer Zeit und auf die modernen Weltbilder in der vielerorts ausgerufenen Ära der Ökologie.
spiritual even as they are spirit-based and we should be careful how we use the term spiritual in animic-based ecological contexts, if we use it at all. Parker’s ethnographic account does not provide us with a spiritual ecology. It is an account of a cosmology that recognises seen (physical) and unseen (non
. This study consists of seven chapters. Cho divides five chapters into three parts: The Ecological Context in Korea; the Eschatological Context in Korea; and Dispensational Premillennialism. The author makes exceptions to this pattern in the chapters containing the introduction and conclusion. Chapter
J.C. van Lenteren and E. van der Meijden
to very positive criticism and he has encouraged them to set the work in a broad ecological context. Not surprisingly, many of his students are now leading ecologists elsewhere. A number of his students thought that one way of thanking him was to write a contribution for a special issue of the