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Eduardo Soto, Marcela Vidal and Alberto Veloso

Amphibia-Reptilia 30 (2009): 151-171 Biogeography of Chilean herpetofauna: distributional patterns of species richness and endemism Marcela A. Vidal 1,2 , ∗ , Eduardo R. Soto 2 , Alberto Veloso 2 Abstract. We analyze the geographic distribution pattern of Chilean amphibian and reptile species

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Patricio De los Ríos Escalante

pools that would also explain the high crustacean species endemism and richness there (Menu-Marque et al., 2000 ; De los Ríos-Escalante & Robles, 2013). The Branchinecta habitats in Chile are characterized by an absence of fish, and are nesting and feeding sites for aquatic birds such as swans

Open Access

Neftali Sillero, João Campos, Anna Bonardi, Claudia Corti, Raymond Creemers, Pierre-Andre Crochet, Jelka Crnobrnja Isailović, Mathieu Denoël, Gentile Francesco Ficetola, João Gonçalves, Sergei Kuzmin, Petros Lymberakis, Philip de Pous, Ariel Rodríguez, Roberto Sindaco, Jeroen Speybroeck, Bert Toxopeus, David R. Vieites and Miguel Vences

here (1) identify the major spatial and taxonomic gaps in the currently available knowledge in order to identify future research priorities, and (2) analyse patterns of species richness, endemism and main distribution types (i.e. groups of species with similar distribution patterns) for European

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SFENTHOURAKI SPYROS and SINOS GIOKAS

.-J. Biotic affinities in a transitional zone between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean: a biogeographical approach based on sponges Journal of Biogeography 1995 22 89 110 Morrone J.J. On the identification of areas of endemism Systematic Biology 1994 43 438 441 Rosen B.R. From fossils to earth

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Tariq Stark, Carlijn Laurijssens, Martijn Weterings, An Martel, Gunther Köhler and Frank Pasmans

; Crawford et al., 2010 ; Forrest et al., 2011 ). Recently, Bd has been recorded in Nicaraguan anurans (García-Roa et al., 2014 ). Although cloud forest-inhabiting Plethodontid salamanders like Bolitoglossa species on the Pacific versant of Nicaragua display a high level of endemism and have a high

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Jakob Damgaard, Felipe Ferraz Figueiredo Moreira, Masakazu Hayashi, Tom A. Weir and Herbert Zettel

, endemism and threats . Bishop Museum Technical Report 45 : 1 – 126 . Polhemus J.T. ( 1975 ) New estuarine and intertidal water striders from Mexico and Costa Rica . Pan-Pacific Entomologist 51 : 243 – 247 . Polhemus J.T. & Chapman H.C. ( 1979 ) Family Mesoveliidae/water treaders

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Gianniantonio Domina, Werner Greuter and Francesco M. Raimondo

ABSTRACT

The results of a statistical biometric study of the Centaurea busambarensis complex, which represents the C. cineraria aggregate in Sicily and its offshore islets, are presented. Seventeen populations, representing all seven previously recognized taxa (four species and three additional subspecies) plus a presumed undescribed one were studied. The statistical analysis (PCA and DA) of 26 morphological characters confirmed these eight taxa as distinct, geographically or ecologically vicarious units of equal weight, not supporting their treatment at different ranks. Consequently, they are recognized here as species, resulting in the description (with illustration) of one of them as new (C. aegusae, endemic to Favignana island, Egadi Archipelago, W Sicily) and in a new combination at species rank (C. seguenzae). A key for identifying the eight species of the complex is provided.

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Valeria Corbalán, Guillermo Debandi, Flavio Martínez and Carmen Úbeda

Overwintering is an anuran strategy to survive in cold-temperate climates. Those aquatic species that withstand harsh conditions and short growing seasons are candidates for having long larval periods. Prolonged larval development, which includes overwintering for more than two years, has been reported for North-American and Euro-Asiatic species, but this strategy has been poorly studied in the Southern Hemisphere. Alsodes pehuenche is an endemic frog from the high Andes mountains of Argentina and Chile, recently categorized as Endangered by the Asociación Herpetológica Argentina (AHA) and as Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). We studied egg laying in this species and its larval development by marking tadpoles with elastomers. We found that eggs are laid in clumps at the beginning of summer. The larval cycle includes four winters, although a fifth winter should not be ruled out. This is the first study that demonstrates a long larval development (four winters) in South-American species and has important implications for conservation biology.

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Pilar Herrero

Heterochromatin Distribution in the Chromosome Complement of Triturus boscai (Amphibia: Caudata: Salamandridae) Pilar Herrero Departamento de Genética, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid-34, Spain Abstract. The C-banding pattern of the I berian endemism

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Denis Michez and Sébastien Patiny

were included in this study. We calculated several biodiversity indices and show that the study area is characterised by high species diversity (33%) and endemism (58%) rates. Our results show that composition of the SAD fauna results mainly from a “Nearest Neighbour Effect”, imply- ing the adjacent