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Miroslav Mareš

, 2006). 17)  Raphael Zariski, ‘Ethnic Extremism among Ethnoterritorial Minorities in Western Europe: Dimensions, Causes, and Institutional Responses,’ Comparative Politics 3 (1989): 253–72. 18)  This was the case in the Albanian movement in Kosovo, where at the beginning of the 1990s

Rex A. Wade and Vitaly Timofeev

speculate thi the mixed nationality heritage would have a profound effect on political attitudes and behavior, probably moderating the appeal of ethnic extremism.'° As a result of its location and population mix, Kharkovites have a pecu- liar relationship to both Russian and Ukrainian authorities. Many

Vladimir Shlapentokh

. There are also high indirect costs of fear-it helps to increase political and ethnic extremism and violence in society, enhance inflation and economic depression. Ways to Psychologically Cope With Fear In view of the high cost of fear, the individuals and societies operate mechanisms to remove or

Vladimir Shlapentokh

victim of criminals and the arbitrariness of bureaucracy is a factor which immensely influences the quality of life in each nation. There are also high indirect costs of fear-it helps to increase political and ethnic extremism and violence in society, enhance inflation and economic depression. Ways to

Jensen

Sri Lanka, ethnic extremism has resulted. The early inclusion of democratic power sharing in Malaysia on the other hand, helped establish a moderate political climate (Nevers, 1993: 69). Multicentrism and Ethnonational Negotiation Whereas the growth of democracy might have both positive and negative

Nikolai Genov

there than in the cee10 countries. This substantial difference should be taken into account in the explanation of the empirical findings. Another corrective is the different impact of mass media on the perception of interethnic relations and ethnic extremism in particular European countries (Stewart

Tina Kempin Reuter

problems and the collapse of overarching political institutions make Bosnia one of the most unstable states in Europe. 41 Increasing ethnic extremism and the resulting challenges to authority have left Bosnia on the verge of collapse. As the latest general election results show, ethnic tensions continue

István Gergő Székely

, only some are relevant for the Hungarian minority parties discussed here. For the most part, their demands are located between the moderate end and the middle of the continuum, with the most radical claim being the demand for territorial autonomy. While ethnic extremism exists in the shape of calls for