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Billy Melo Araujo

1 Introduction Academic literature in the area of international relations has historically portrayed the European Union ( eu ) as a distinctive international actor. Popular conceptual frameworks for the eu ’s foreign policy action, such as ‘Civilian Power Europe’ and ‘Normative Power Europe

Judy Fudge and Petra Herzfeld Olsson

the directive by 30 September 2016. 1 The Directive sets out rules for entry and stay for seasonal workers who are not eu citizens. It also establishes a common set of rights to which seasonal workers are entitled during their stay in the eu . The Directive seeks to respond to the needs of Member

Mihaly Fazekas and Eva Nanopoulos

redistributive justice for victims of crime and adding to state budgets. Asset recovery became particularly important in the European Union ( eu ) 1 where organised crime has been a long-standing problem in several Member States. Moreover, the building of the internal market, with its twin effects of


Aistė Mickonytė

In this monograph, Aistė Mickonytė examines the compliance of the European anti-cartel enforcement procedure with the presumption of innocence under Article 6(2) of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). The author maintains that the pursuit of manifestly severe punishment with insistence of the European Commission on administrative-level procedural safeguards is inconsistent with the robust standards of protection under the Convention. Arguing that EU anti-cartel procedure is criminal within the meaning of the Convention, this work considers this procedure in light of the core elements of the presumption of innocence such as the burden of proof and the principle of fault. The author zeroes in on the de facto automatic liability of parental companies for offences committed by their subsidiaries.

Santa Slokenberga

a result, health related tests of dubious clinical validity are accessible to consumers. 3 Secondly, the laws have fallen short of being applicable to those direct-to-consumer genetic tests that are purchased online and mailed to consumers across jurisdictions. Under eu law, certain types of

Laura Davis

. The European External Action Service ( EEAS ) claims that “mediation is … an integral component of the EU ’s comprehensive toolbox for conflict prevention and peace building” ( EEAS 2017). This article draws on a case study of EU mediation in the DRC (2009–2013) to examine EU capabilities for

August Reinisch

* Professor of International and European Law at the University of Vienna, Austria, and Dean for International Relations of its Law School. 1 The Reluctance of eu Institutions to Adopt a Model bit The search for an eu Model bit may seem doomed from the beginning. It is well known that

Florian Trauner and Emanuele Manigrassi

1 Introduction ‘This is a small step for the eu , but a giant leap for Macedonia.’ In a play on Neil Armstrong’s famous words, the Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski welcomed the eu ’s decision of 16 July 2009 to grant visa-free travel to his country, together with Serbia and

Jeffrey C. Dixon and Andrew S. Fullerton

A total of 10 post-Communist countries entered the European Union ( eu ) in its 2004 and 2007 expansions; furthermore, Croatia entered in 2013. Still other post-Communist countries are waiting to join the now 28-member union, as of this writing, either as current eu candidates (Macedonia

Elena Basheska and Dimitry Kochenov

Introduction The eu ’s enlargement policy has been regarded as a successful tool for spreading peace across the continent, 1 supplying powerful incentives for the transformation of new Member States joining the Union with each enlargement round. Such transformation has been enabled through