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also found three species (a native marsupial, Marmosa paraguayana Tate, 1931, and two exotic species, Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758 and Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758)) that were not captured in any of the sampling areas. Spatial distribution of diversity and richness estimates The two

In: Animal Biology
Bio-Invasions and Their Impact on Nature, the Economy and Public Health
Bioglobalisation is anything but new. The exotic fungus Phytophtora has threatened European potato harvests since 1846. Since then, the number of deliberate and accidental introductions of exotic species has grown rapidly. Environmental factors such as climate change also play an increasing role.
This book is a thorough and informative overview of all aspects of bioglobalisation. It describes its nature and scope, as well as history, drivers and mechanisms. Using vivid examples, the book addresses which species are likely to become invasive, which bioregions are vulnerable, and whether we can - and should - try to control bio-invasions.
Separate chapters address the impacts of bioglobalisation on the environment and on our economy, and discuss, for instance, how virus invasions are threatening human lives worldwide.

Strumigenys silvestrii is a tiny dacetine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dacetini), apparently from South America, that has spread to the southern US and the West Indies. Strumigenys silvestrii has recently been found for the first time in the Old World, from the island of Madeira, mainland Portugal, and Macau. Here, we document new distributional records and the geographic spread of S. silvestrii. We compiled and mapped 67 site records of S. silvestrii. We documented the earliest known S. silvestrii records for 20 geographic areas (countries, major islands, and US states), including four areas for which we found no previously published records: Georgia (US), Grenada, Nevis, and St. Vincent. Strumigenys silvestrii is the only New World dacetine ant that has been recorded in the Old World. The distribution of its closest relatives and of known S. silvestrii specimen records supports the hypothesis that S. silvestrii is native to South America. Throughout its New World range (South America, the West Indies, and the southern US), many S. silvestrii records are from undisturbed forest habitats (usually indicative of a native species), but are very recent (usually indicative of a newly arrived exotic species).

In: Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews

S. margaritae Forel, 1893 ). MacGown and Hill (2010) described Strumigenys subnuda (as Pyramica subnuda ) as a new species in the schulzi group from specimens collected in Mississippi. They proposed S. subnuda was most likely an exotic species in North America and native to the New World

In: Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews

order to verify their genetic integrity. Genetic monitoring of wild populations is crucial for the conservation of endangered species, even to detect unpredictable cases of hybridization with cryptic exotic species, as this study highlighted. Ultimately, our findings contribute to understanding genetic

In: Amphibia-Reptilia

of many amphibians species. Agriculture is one of the main human activities responsible for this decline (Czech and Parsons, 2002 ). In recent years, Pinus spp. monoculture had been introduced in many parts of the world as exotic species for commercial purposes. The destruction of wetlands due to

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In: Amphibia-Reptilia

handle ideas about exotic species. Though this region does not hold the highest concentrated population of parakeets, the case is notable because of the extent of grassroots advocacy for the birds. Throughout the region advocates have organized protests against utility company management tactics, worked

In: Society & Animals


In: Crustaceana

Native to the Neotropics, Wasmannia auropunctata has spread to numerous other tropical and subtropical areas, where it is can reach extremely high densities and threaten the local biota. To evaluate the worldwide spread of W. auropunctata, I compiled published and unpublished specimen records from > 1700 sites. I documented the earliest known W. auropunctata records for 53 geographic areas (countries, island groups, major West Indian islands, and US states), including many with no previously published records: Anguilla, Antigua, Barbuda, Caicos Islands, El Salvador, Guam, Montserrat, Nevis, St Kitts, St Martin, and Texas. In the New World, W. auropunctata has a seemingly continuous distribution from central Argentina to southernmost Texas, suggesting that it may be native throughout this expanse. Wasmannia auropunctata has also spread throughout the West Indies and to peninsular Florida, though it is unclear which West Indian islands may constitute part of its native range. The earliest Old World reports of W. auropunctata, in the 1890’s, came from West Africa: Sierra Leone and Gabon. Although no additional records have come from Sierra Leone, W. auropunctata has spread broadly across Gabon and into neighboring countries, where it is a serious pest. In Oceania, the earliest records of W. auropunctata date to 1972 from New Caledonia and 1974 from the Solomon Islands. Pacific populations of W. auropunctata are actively spreading within these islands and to many other island groups. In the past decade, first records of W. auropunctata have been reported from several Old World areas, including the Central African Republic, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Guam, Italy, and Israel. Wasmannia auropunctata appears to still have much potential for future spread in the Old World.

In: Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews

exotic species introduced here since the last century. INTRODUCTION In the Americas, there are about 41 genera and 530 species of bamboos (Bambu- soideae sub-family) growing in habitats ranging from lower to upper mountain forests, from "paramos" to dry regions (such as "Cerrado" in Brazil), and from

In: Bamboo for Sustainable Development