discussed in terms of how children acquire the explanatorysystems of their culture. Keywords Supernatural explanations, moral justice, religion, explanatorysystems Beginning with Piaget (1929), children’s reasoning about the causes and con- sequences of events has been a central issue in developmental
observations which contradicted accepted Aristotelian physics. The decision that the underlying explanatorysystem must be revised thus required a theological shift as well as contradiction by observation.
questions designed to assess a number of basic aspects of their concepts of prayer. We also considered potential relations between children’s concepts of prayer and two other explanatorysystems — naïve psychology and magic — by probing understanding of the roles of knowledge and thinking in prayer and by
This article argues that the opposition between Sāṃkhya-Yoga and Vedānta is not an irrevocable either/or dichotomy. The claim that it is necessary to choose one and only one system need not be accepted, and this is so also with regard to their apparently irreconcilable metaphysical and ontological truth-claims. Both Sāṃkhya-Yoga and Vedānta have their theoretical strengths and weaknesses. Each has its advantages and provides useful starting points in, and connecting links with, the everyday world of the ordinary person. Each offers a relatively coherent and insightful view or explanatory system dealing with matters of ultimate concern, and each attempts to answer the questions that inevitably arise for any individual engaged in a spiritual quest. The article concludes that in the final analysis, we cannot expect any conceptual metaphysical system to be able to express the Absolute Truth or reveal to us the infinite mysteries of the ineffable, indescribable Ultimate Reality.
ever increasingly complex explanatorysystems (‘seventeenth-century theories were not more comprehensive or richer than those of the thirteenth or fourteenth century’, Perler says ). As is the case in contemporary philosophy of the emotions, diverse accounts coexisted simultaneously, competing
more or less chrono- logical fashion makes good sense, for it allows the reader to see how Girard produced his explanatorysystem by building on successive insights. We start with his "discovery" of mimetic desire in the novel (Cervantes, Stendhal, Dostoevsky, and Proust are the main examples), and his
, and relate everything to it. Foxes pursue simultaneously many ends on many levels, which may be connected only loosely and even be contradictory. Hedgehogs wish to build a perfect all-explanatorysystem; foxes provide new insights but move on before the actual building project even begins. To simplify
talking about the choice of an explanatorysystem in personal narrative, attribution theorists talk about the availability hypoth- esis referring to the concepts and beliefs that a narrator is familiar with. For instance, conservative Christian believers have at least two available explanatorysystems
ideology reified in institutions which shape our experience (1981, Chap. 2). Before these aspects can be revealed and appropriated or reappro- priated explanatorysystems such as Freud's descriptions of certain dis- torting mechanisms must be employed. An investigatory posture that would reach "mature
justified for a subject if and only if it is part of a virtuous explanatorysystem that beats competitor systems in terms of explanatory virtues. An Ex-2nd view applied to skepticism is straightforward. The conservative aspect of Ex-2nd implies that one may begin assessing the skeptical hypothesis with