Manuel Mireanu

encouragement they have received from the local populations, and even in the thoroughly apathetic reaction of state authorities. The main argument this paper makes is that the main logic that drives Hungarian far-right patrols is a mechanism of addressing perceived threats to the cultural and national identity

Hannah Strømmen

) and a particular liberal-democratic heritage (what Yvonne Sherwood has called the ‘Liberal Bible’ 15 ). In this article, I will argue that a ‘Far Right Bible’ has emerged from the idea of the ‘Cultural-Liberal Bible’. In the ideological world of Breivik, a Bible is invoked that takes on the role of

Nigel Copsey

understanding developments on the contemporary far right in (Western) Europe, have we really witnessed the emergence of a ‘new’ breed of fascists - a ‘neo-fascism’ that has adapted itself to the norms of multi-ethnic, liberal-democratic society? A ‘designer fascism’ that is fit for the twenty-first century

Paul Jackson

Primarily focused on recent trends in Western Europe, this article examines a range of phenomena that fall under the label “far right”. It problematizes this slippery term before surveying recent developments in the diverse range of political parties, from the United Kingdom Independence Party to Jobbik, identifying a broad trend toward such parties achieving greater electoral success by moderating extremist elements. Following this, it highlights the complex relationships found between what are often dubbed “populist” far right political parties and other, more “extreme” forms of activity. Finally, it identifies three major “narratives” found in more extreme far right movements in Europe: neo-Nazi, New Right and anti-Muslim. It asserts that movements animated by such agendas do impact far right political parties. It also stresses academic debate needs to engage with figures outside academia, to create new solutions to the issues raised by variegated forms of far right activity.

Matthew Kott

(Berlin/Vienna: lit Verlag, 2014). Four years have already passed since Anders Behring Breivik, apparently single-handedly, committed the most murderous and destructive terrorist atrocity by the far right in post-war Europe. In 2011–2012, particularly during his criminal trial in Oslo

Fascist Ideologues. Past and Present

Centre for Fascist, Anti-Fascist and Post-Fascist Studies Teesside University, 4-5 July 2013

Nigel Copsey

understand the contemporary far right’s embrace of a transnational dimension, we need to appreciate that this development has a history that stretches back into the decades before the electoral breakthrough of the French National Front. In opening the final panel of the first day, ELISABETTA CASSINA WOLFF