forcing central or federal governments to reconsider how they deal with international negotiations. Scholars also need to deploy different analytical tools as they seek to understand the relationship between international negotiations and federalism. The three parts of this article provide a foundation on
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Christian Lequesne and Stéphane Paquin
Jorge A. Schiavon
impact of federalism on the inssg ? 3) What are the levels or degrees of inssg and how have they changed in recent years? 4) How do Mexican federal units institutionalize their involvement in international negotiations? And 5) What are the perceptions and capacities of federal units in their
” (Wandycz 2001: 205). It is the black-and-white tint that gives the verdict about the new states a myth-like quality, something that is also detectable in Vojtech Mastny’s appraisal of East Central European federalism. Federalism, he concluded in his 1997 study, had been an “alien phenomenon in the state
Ludo Veny and Brecht Warnez
minorities. 5 2.2 The Federal State Structure: The Technique for Ensuring Cultural Rights 2.2.1 From a Unitary State to a Federal State Structure in Four Decades Belgium has a complex political state structure. Unlike the normal origin of a federation, Belgian federalism was caused by the
The Russian state has a long tradition of top-to-bottom centralism. Nevertheless, Russia’s 1993 Constitution is based on both federalism and local autonomy, principles that create and require multilayered sovereignty, distributed over a larger number of political power centers, which is alien to the Russian tradition of centralized sovereignty. During the Boris El’tsin era, state power was decentralized to a certain extent, and regions, local governments, economies, and civil society were given room to act independently from the Kremlin’s tutelage. Nonetheless, many felt that this was chaotic. Vladimir Putin’s ‘consolidation of vertical power’ reduced federalism and local autonomy to a facade behind which traditional top-to-bottom centralism has been re-established. In reducing federalism to a mere show, Putin has been able to rely on Soviet traditions. Furthermore, central power instrumentalizes local autonomy in order to further reduce the powers of federal entities, i.e., subjects of the Russian Federation. Thus, political reality has returned to Russian traditions, whereas the text of the Constitution preserves the ‘outdated’ institutions of federalism and local autonomy.
Christopher J. Kukucha
This article argues that the form and practice of federalism is an important consideration in the negotiation of international trade agreements. 2 In one respect, this can be understood by distinguishing between cooperative and coercive federalism, as well as American intrastate and
Changes in Structures, Procedures and Policies
Edited by Francesco Palermo and Elisabeth Alber
Based on a multidisciplinary analysis, the book tackles the question of whether federalism as a pragmatic governance tool provides answers to current challenges and what those answers are. Thirty-three leading experts critically examine to what extent federalism serves this purpose in compound states, looking at different countries and policies.
The volume revolves around five sub-themes: ‘federalism, democracy and governance’, ‘participation mechanisms and procedures’, ‘policy areas compared’, ‘institutional innovation and participatory democracy’ and ‘federalism: from theory to governance’.
1 Immigration, Federalism and Linguistic Integration of Migrants Several legal studies conducted thus far in the field of immigration law have mainly focussed on national and the supra-national legal perspectives. Less attention has been paid to the role that sub-national units that enjoy
articulating a hermeneutical framework premised on the underlying moral bases of federalism. Specifically, we propose the idea that constitutional development in both Canada and Israel proceed on the basis of a federalist ethos, which can be defined as an approach which consolidates basic unwritten