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Christmann, Eckhard (Heidelberg)

[German version] Fertilizer was used in ancient agriculture in order to preserve or improve the fertility of the soil used for cultivation; the choice of fertilization method in each case depended crucially on the social environment, economic conditions, climate, and local traditions. Even though

Ulf Linderfalk

international law glossary: ‘cross-fertilisation’. Examples illustrating the usage of this term are not hard to find. For Laurence Helfer, consequently, the “cross-fertilisation of legal norms is one of the interpretative tools that are commonplace in the case law of regional and sub-regional [human rights

Jonas Örnborg, Staffan Andersson, Arild Johnsen, Jan Lifjeld and Trond Amundsen

MALE CHARACTERISTICS AND FERTILISATION SUCCESS IN BLUETHROATS by ARILD JOHNSEN 1,2) , JAN T. LIFJELD 1) , STAFFAN ANDERSSON 3) , JONAS ÖRNBORG 3) and TROND AMUNDSEN 4,5) ( 1 Zoological Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172 Blindern, N-0318 Oslo, Norway; 3 Department of Zoology, Göteborg

Geoffrey M. Downes, J. Gwinyai Nyakuengama, Robert Evans, Richard Northway, Philip Blakemore, Ross L. Dickson and Marco Lausberg

The relationships between wood anatomy in standing trees and the strength of boards were examined in Pinus radiata D. Don (thinned vs thinned and fertilized) at 2 contrasting sites. Fertilizer treatments were applied after mid-rotation thinning. Logs were taper sawn and boards, near the pre-treatment / post-treatment boundary, subjected to acoustic and strength assessment. Average wood property data from a 12-mm increment core obtained prior to harvest, was extracted from the relevant portion of the radius.

In general, fertilizer resulted in lower density, higher microfibril angle (MFA) and slightly lower stiffness. However, stiffness was still relatively high as the affected wood was from the more mature portion of the radius. SilviScan density and MFA data were good predictors of stiffness. Acoustic measurements on boards were strongly correlated with board stiffness. Path analyses explained up to 45% of the variance in stiffness, as a function of estimated MOE and log sweep.

Ting Liu, Yong Li, Qirong Shen, Huixin Li and Joann K. Whalen

Grain crops such as rice, wheat and other cereals are planted in rows to facilitate weed and disease control, fertiliser application and other agricultural practices that may occur during the growing season. The root-associated soil within the crop row is distinguishable from the bulk soil – it

Promotes efficient and responsible production and use of plant nutrients to maintain and increase agricultural production worldwide in a sustainable manner and improves the operating environment of the fertilizer industry in the spirit of free enterprise and fair trade.Director General: Charlotte

Rosemary Rayfuse, Mark G. Lawrence and Kristina M. Gjerde

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/092735208X295846 Th e International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 23 (2008) 297–326 THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW Ocean Fertilisation and Climate Change: Th e Need to Regulate Emerging High Seas

Haddish Melakeberhan

Nematology , 2006, Vol. 8(1), 129-137 Fertiliser use efficiency of soybean cultivars infected with Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus penetrans Haddish M ELAKEBERHAN ∗ Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1115, USA Received: 1 November 2005; revised: 5

Andrés Egea-Serrano and Josh Van Buskirk

ammonium concentration was higher than values found in natural ponds (Griffis-Kyle and Ritchie, 2007 ; Sahuquillo et al., 2012 ). Nevertheless, this is realistic because NH 4 NO 3 is among the most commonly used fertilizers throughout the world (FMA, MAFF and SOAFD, 1993). In natural systems, pulses of

Rivka Rosenberg, Yuji Oka, Shoshi Suriano, Nadia Tkachi, Shimshon Shuker and Pinchas Fine

Nematology , 2006, Vol. 8(3), 335-346 Laboratory studies on the enhancement of nematicidal activity of ammonia-releasing fertilisers by alkaline amendments Yuji O KA 1 , ∗ , Nadia T KACHI 1 , Shimshon S HUKER 1 , Rivka R OSENBERG 2 , Shoshi S URIANO 2 and Pinchas F I N E 2 1 Nematology Unit, Gilat