strong and educated labor force provided by a highly efficient and balanced education system. They chose to add on three-year freeearlychildhoodeducation, and made all kinds of effort to give the local children an equal education opportunity. Shortly afterward, the 12-year free education system was
. “Understanding the 15-Year Free Education Policies in China: An Online Study of Four Cases.” International Journal of Chinese Education (this issue) .
2 Hui, Li. “Freeearlychildhoodeducation matters.” omep -Hong Kong Newsletter 12 (2012): 9-12.
3 Hui, Li and X. Christine Wang, “International
are neither ‘all kids free’ nor ‘all fees free’, and only those registered kindergarteners in Changzi can receive ece for free.
The present study has found that the freeearlychildhoodeducation policies in three of the pioneering counties were neither ‘all kids free’ nor ‘all
, Leung. “A case study of the 15-year free education policy in Macau.” (In Chinese.) Early Childhood Education 11 ( 2013 ): 3-6.
Hui, Li, and Dan, Wang. “A multiple study of freeearlychildhoodeducation policies in China.” (In Chinese.) Early Childhood Education 7 ( 2013 ): 1-5.
-2020)].” People’s Republic of China: State Council, 2010.
3 People Education. “Experts’ view: Tendency to include early childhood education into compulsory education system and proposal to administer freeearlychildhoodeducation” (in Chinese) . April 10, 2009, accessed October 31, 2013.
4 Xin Bai, 白昕 and
the National People’s Congress and the
Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, national committee
member Cai Yaojun appealed for the country to implement freeearlychildhoodeducation as soon as possible. He emphasized that fi nancial
investment in early childhood education is only
education for many years, the 15-year free education is actually appealing for 3-year freeearlychildhoodeducation. For instance, Macau and some provinces in Mainland China have already implemented this policy and have made ece free to the target group in addition to the 12-year free education. Hong
nerable groups.” Expanding public services by the government and
placing priority on providing migrant children with low-cost or freeearlychildhoodeducation for one year should be on the government’s
provision of freeearlychildhoodeducation will also need somehow to find a legal basis. Moreover, for the coming decade or more, the rapid urbanisation of African regions and its potential implications for children’s rights warrant more deliberate attention. For example, with reports that since 2014 there