state about the shaping of gender policies as well as wider issues of citizenship and social justice. To varying degrees, Egyptian women have engaged for a long time in grassroots activism and have aspired to find non-hierarchical ways of organizing, thereby engaging in the process of democratization
Women’s Rights Movements, Religious Resurgence and Local Traditions
Edited by Susanne Schroeter
Contributors include Nelly van Doorn-Harder, Farish A. Noor, Siti Musdah Mulia, Amporn Marddent, Maila Stivens, Alexander Horstmann, Amina Rasul-Bernardo, Monika Arnez, Susanne Schröter, Nurul Ilmi Idrus, Vivienne S.M. Angeles and Birte Brecht-Drouart.
Caryn A. Reeder
πόλεμος δ’ ἄνδρεσσι μελήσει (Aristophanes, Lys . 520): Throughout Greco-Roman antiquity, gender and war were intertwined, a connection which influenced the interpretation of the First Jewish Revolt in Josephus’s Jewish War . Josephus would have been familiar with the interrelationship of
Nowadays the global background is constantly evolving; economy, globalisation, gender, love, feminism and sex are getting more complicated. The perspective on femininity has changed and new images of beauty, sexuality and career have arisen. In the past, romantic love was a goal of life and existence for women. Women were once characterised only in relation to men. Today women are emancipated and, according to third wave feminism, love is an individual choice. With regard to gender construction modernisation, individualism, independence and autonomy have replaced the view of women as ‘destined to be wife and mother.’ Popular romance novels are familiarly known for their traditional formulas and conventional formations of gender. A typical popular romance plot usually entails a heroine in a troubled dilemma and a feisty, handsome hero coming to her rescue. The reciprocated gratitude shown by the heroine then results into an act of social bonding, which turns to heterosexual romantic love. The climax of the story personifies the pursuit and retrieval of romantic love. This chapter takes a third wave feminist perspective and through a selection of very recent novels written in a new global and economic context it endeavours to examine whether romantic love plays a key role in the production of gender and to what extent have the novels adjusted to the twenty-first century images of womanhood. It also attempts to identify influences and changes in the representation of gender and to discover if these narratives are updated to fit in the modernised world or whether they continue to offer a traditional image of femininity.
The Discourse on Gender Discrimination and Related Reforms
Japanese Buddhism has earned a reputation for being more conservative regarding gender issues than Japanese society in general. However, Japanese Buddhist denominations have not remained entirely untouched by women’s movements in Japan in the 20th century and by social developments toward
Education and Society in sub-Saharan Africa
Edited by Máiréad Dunne
The overall ambition of the collection is to question assumptions behind much development policy and practice and to push out conceptual boundaries by providing critical insights from local empirical studies that bring new theoretical configurations to specific policy and practice contexts. The chapter contributions are from African and ‘Northern’ writers who have critically engaged with the ways that gendered and sexual identities are produced in particular educational and social settings in this diverse continent. After providing a consolidation of the field, the book highlights its departures from earlier work on gender, education, society and development to open spaces that provide a springboard for further research and critique around persistent and enduring development issues.
Following two introductory chapters, the text is organised in four main sections concerning gendered institutions, sexual identities, HIV/AIDS and conflict. In addressing such critical issues, this edited collection is essential reading for professionals, policy-makers, practitioners and students from a wide range of institutions including government departments, international agencies, NGOs and universities in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as in other low and high income countries worldwide.
1 Introduction In the course of this paper, I will argue that the question of the number of genders in Spoken Arabic (SA), far from being self-evident, warrants re-examination. If linguistic gender manifests itself not only through morphology, but also by means of syntactic agreement, then the
Janne Bondi Johannessen and Ida Larsson
, 2008, 2016 ; Polinsky, 2015). Gender is known to be difficult in L2 acquisition. According to Grüter et al . (2012) , who discuss L2 acquisition of Spanish, it is particularly lexical gender assignment to the noun that causes difficulty, rather than morphosyntactic agreement between determiners
the creation of a new phenotype in the combination of the sphere of production and that of the circulation of commodities and consumption. Even more striking in a book so concerned with the body is the absence of a gender perspective of the critique, with the exception of a few passages on the