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, however, fellow Jesuits had doubts regarding his technical skills (Pineda de Ávila 2017, 48–49). His immense Almagestum Novum of 1651 was an attempt to revisit the whole history of astronomy and settle, once and for all, the problem of the true “system of the world,” which he took to be Tycho Brahe

In: Brill Research Perspectives in Map History

, however, fellow Jesuits had doubts regarding his technical skills (Pineda de Ávila 2017, 48–49). His immense Almagestum Novum of 1651 was an attempt to revisit the whole history of astronomy and settle, once and for all, the problem of the true “system of the world,” which he took to be Tycho Brahe

In: Maps of the Moon

’, Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge 78 (2011), 229–45. 3 Beatriz Porres de Mateo and José Chabás, ‘John of Murs’s Tabulae permanentes for Finding True Syzygies’, Journal for the History of Astronomy 32 (2001), 63–72; Richard L. Kremer, ‘John of Murs, Wenzel Faber and the

In: Erudition and the Republic of Letters
Lunar Cartography from the Seventeenth Century to the Space Age
When does a depiction of the moon become a lunar map? This publication addresses this question from theoretical and historical standpoints. It is argued that moon maps are of crucial importance to the history of cartography, for they challenge established notions of what a map is, how it functions, what its purposes are, and what kind of power it embodies and performs. The publication also shows how terrestrial cartography has shaped the history of lunar mapping since the seventeenth century, through visual and nomenclature conventions, the cultural currency of maps, mapmakers’ social standing, and data-gathering and projection practices. It further demonstrates that lunar cartography has also been organized by an internal principle that is born of the fundamental problem of how to create static map spaces capable of representing a referent that is constantly changing to our eyes, as is the visible face of the moon. It is suggested that moon maps may be classed in three broad categories, according to the kinds of solutions for this representational problem that have been devised over the last 400 years.

M A R A M I N I A T I E. PROVERBIO (ed.), Astronomical observatories and institutions in Italy, Seventh annual meeting on the History of Astronomy, Milano, April 21-22 1995, «Me- morie della Società � Astronomica italiana-Journal of the Italian Astronomical Society», vol. 66, N. 4, 1995, pp

In: Nuncius
In: The Orientation of Science and Technology
One of the most distinguished science historians of the twentieth century, Shigeru Nakayama has been at the forefront of redirecting or ‘reorientating’ conventional East Asian science and technology, arguing, like Joseph Needham, that the ‘orientation of science’ refers not only to the direction of science but also implies a turning to Eastern science. In recent times, he has been arguing for implementation of a ‘Service Science’,which is linked to the rights and needs of mankind. A survivor of the Hiroshima atomic bomb, he majored in astrophysics at the University of Tokyo and wrote on the history of astronomy for his PhD and later on the history of science for his Harvard PhD.
Constellating Stars and Society
A reconstruction of the Chinese sky of two thousand years ago, based on analysis of the first star catalogue in China and other sources. Presented in six well-sized star maps for 100 BC, it is especially important for the history of astronomy. The Han sky, with five times more constellations than Ptolemy knew, reflects diverse human activities. The way in which constellations were grouped discloses a systematic cosmology, uniting universe and the state.
The work of the three Han schools is comparable to Ptolemy's Almagest. With three detailed Appendices on the constellations of the three schools, well illustrated to demonstrate the relation between sky and human society, this book is valuable not only for astronomy historians and sinologists, but in general for scholars interested in the ancient cultures of Asia.
(Nuremberg, 1543 and Basel, 1566)
The Annotated Census lists and describes - on the basis of direct examination - all of the 560 located copies of the first and second editions of Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium that survive in North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia, as well as several copies of known provenance destroyed, stolen or otherwise lost in modern times. The entry for each copy lists its present location and describes particulars of its binding, size, and any shelf marks. A short history is given of the provenance of each copy, wherever possible with identification of owners and dates of ownership. Marginalia and interlinear notes are also indicated together with transcription and translation of the more important ones. The content of the more significant notes is discussed (with reference to the modern literature), analyses that sometimes develop into substantial essays. Numerous plates show examples of the handwriting of the major annotators. Appendices list the other works bound with De revolutionibus, and prices at auction going back to the 18th century.
The density and quality of the data provided about the copies make this a fascinating reference work not only for scholars interested in the history of astronomy but especially for all those interested in printing in the early modern period. The census will also provide an almost inexhaustible mine of information concerning the spread of ideas, scholarly networks, book collecting, and library development from the 17th to 20th centuries.

as suggests the possible pictorial source of the key element of the drawing. Finally, it highlights how Kepler, by way of this frontispiece, found the way both to assert his own position in and contribution to the history of astronomy, as well as to place himself in the dispute over the Copernican

In: Nuncius