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Author: Leigh Chipman

This article will discuss aspects of pharmacy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries CE, when the central Islamic lands–which also form a central part of the Silk Road between China and Europe-were dominated by the Mamlūk Empire in Egypt and Syria, and the Mongol Īl–khāns in Iran. Exchanges of practical and theoretical knowledge occurred across the hostile frontier, but it remains ro be seen to what extent this affected the practice of community pharmacists in the Islamic world, let alone the theory used by docrors learned in the Arabic pharmacological tradition. As I have only very recently begun to study the Mongol side of things in greater depth, this article will be weighted towards the Mamluks, and I will point out areas that require further research before any definite conclusion can be reached. I will begin by discussing the state of pharmacy in Mamluk Egypt, continue to say a few words about the developments in pharmacology caused by the establishment of the Mongol Empire, and finally, discuss the status of pharmacists in hospitals under the Mongols and Mamlūks.

In: Asian Medicine
Author: Zbigniew Bela

belief expressed in various histories of pharmacy that the tenth-century Arab physician Avicenna introduced the tradition of coating pills with gold and silver. Although an examination of his Canon documents Avicenna’s interest in the medicinal application of gold and silver, no mention is made of

In: Early Science and Medicine
Philosophy, History and Medicine. Proceedings of the Vth International Galen Colloquium, Lille, 16-18 March 1995
Editor: Armelle Debru
The 14 papers in this volume were first presented at the Fifth International Galen Colloqium held in Lille in 1995 and represent a first attempt to explore systematically this vast complicated area. The contributors cover a wide variety of themes, broadly grouped as: the epistemology , method and practice of medicine, Galen and pharmacological tradition, Galen's pharmacological treatises and the transmission of pharmacological texts.
Their papers shed a new light on this ancient therapeutic field and also help to understand Galen's pharmacology in its relation to the entire body of its work and thought.
Semantische Untersuchungen zum Fachwortschatz hoch- und spätmittelalterlicher Drogenkunde
Author: Daems
The lack of a well organised index of synonyms of plant names for the period of the later Middle Ages has increasingly been felt by historians, philologists and sociologists to be one of the big lacunas in their field.
In his Boec van medicinen in Dietsche (Brill, 1967) Willem F. Daems presented in a Synonymarium van Middelnederlandse Plantennamen a summary of the plant names which occurred in a single text conceived in c. 1300.
He now evaluates, assigns parameters for meaning to and in the majority of cases identifies the pharmaco-botanical material contained in about 100 medieval manuscripts and text editions (German, Dutch and English).
The depth and breadth of the author's botanical knowledge is widely recognised and the combination of this with his background in history and philology make this book a long-awaited and indispensable standard reference work in the field.
Author: Linda A. Newson
Based on extensive archival research in Peru, Spain, and Italy, Making Medicines in Early Colonial Lima, Peru examines how apothecaries in Lima were trained, ran their businesses, traded medicinal products, prepared medicines, and found their place in society. In the book, Newson argues that apothecaries had the potential to be innovators in science, especially in the New World where they encountered new environments and diverse healing traditions. However, it shows that despite experimental tendencies among some apothecaries, they generally adhered to traditional humoral practices and imported materia medica from Spain rather than adopt native plants or exploit the region’s rich mineral resources. This adherence was not due to state regulation, but reflected the entrenchment of humoral beliefs in popular thought and their promotion by the Church and Inquisition.

director of the Center for Research on Science, Health, Medicine and Society ( cermes 3) in Paris. His work addresses many aspects of the history and sociology of the biomedical sciences during the twentieth century. During the past ten years, his research has focused on the contemporary history of

In: Asian Medicine

national for- mulary. A symposium. Gregory J. Higby editor. Madison, American in- stitute of the history of pharmacy 1989. 80 anni di storia dei macchinisti attra- verso la rivista « in marcia ». A cura di Ezio Ordigoni. Firenze, Ancora in marcia 1988. PAIOTTA VESENTINI GIANNELLA, Guida del Museo Civico

In: Nuncius

� Studies in the History of Arabic Islamic Science. History of Technology Series, 4). The History of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Proceedings of the Second International Congress Organized by the Arab Society for the History of Pharmacy in co-operation with the World Union of Societies of the History of

In: Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di storia della scienza di Firenze
Author: Mara Miniati

della scienza, Tokio 1987. KELLER EVELYN Fox, Reflections on gender and science, New Haven, London, Yale University Press 1985, VIII, 193 pp., 21 cm. KING NYDIA M., A selection of primary sources for the history of Pharmacy in the United States. Books and tra- de catalogs from the colonial period to

In: Nuncius

. - Temples of the Muses and a history of Pharmacy Museums. Tokyo, Printed under the a u s p i c e s o f T h e N A I T O F O U N D A T I O N , 1972, in 8°, pp. 46, fig. HIRSCHMà � LLER ALBRECHT - Physio- logie und Psychoanalyse in Leben und Werk Josef Breuers. Tübingen, Verlag Hans Huber, 1978, in 8°, pp

In: Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di storia della scienza di Firenze