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Author: Sokoll, Thomas

Today,  “household economy” refers to the supply (especially of provisions) of a large household or institution on a commercial basis. In this sense, home economics is an academic and university-taught subject that came into existence (initially in the USA) in the late-19th century in the context

This paper focuses on a specific class of locally made artifacts known in the archaeological literature of the eastern African coast as bead grinders. Bead grinders are discarded potsherds or stone cobbles distinguished by long grooves abraded into their surfaces. Although they are some of the most commonly located artifacts on late first-millennium AD coastal sites, few close analyses of them have been conducted. Here we examine a particularly large assemblage of bead grinders from the site of Tumbe on Pemba Island, Tanzania, the largest such assemblage recovered from any site in eastern Africa. This essay is not aimed at determining whether or not these artifacts were in fact used to grind shell beads, the subject of considerable local debate, although we operate from that assumption. Rather, we treat them as artifacts related to production, and focus on standardization as a way to provide insight into the organization of production at Tumbe. Based on our analysis we argue that despite the intensive production implied by the sheer quantity of grinders recovered at Tumbe, the high degree of variation within relevant variables suggests that production was unstandardized and decentralized, carried on in individual households. We hope that this case study encourages more comparative research between coastal regions on bead grinders and other classes of artifacts related to production.

In: Journal of African Archaeology
Author: Shou-li Yeh

the peasant household economy and the history of Taiwan’s agricultural crisis, both of which triggered changes in Dongshi’s fruit economy. Only when one understands that the Taiwanese peasant economy revolves around a household economic entity with the ability to flexibly apply labor can one

In: Rural China
Author: Victor Nee

The Peasant Household Economy and Decollectivization in China VICTOR NEE * Cornell University, Ithaca, U. S. A. ABSTRACT "A critical problem of the people's commune system was the inability to resolve the "free rider" problem within the framework of collective agriculture. The appeal of

In: Journal of Asian and African Studies

relative affluence most unconventionally. In an era when most men ’s and women’s lives were bounded by membership in household economies 36 and their welfare dependent upon community networks, Anna Dorotea had the cash and the confidence not only to reject a proffered and reputation-saving marriage but

In: Russian History

ALISON K. SMITH (Toronto, Canada) SUSTENANCE AND THE HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY I N TWO KOSTROMA SERF VILLAGES, 1836-1852 Seeing the labor o f the farm worker, it is impossible to appreciate suffi- ciently how human strength can withstand such prolonged and unceasing efforts, and it is especially made

In: Russian History
In: Rashda: The Birth and Growth of an Egyptian Oasis Village
In: Household Archaeology in Ancient Israel and Beyond
An Old Irish Tract on Marriage and Divorce Law
Author: Charlene Eska
Cáin Lánamna "The Law of Couples", an Old Irish text dated to c. 700, is arguably the most important source of information concerning women and the household economy in early Ireland. The text describes all the recognized marriages and unions, both legal and illegal, and provides information regarding the allocation of property in the event of a divorce. The text was heavily glossed over a period of several centuries and provides insights into changes in the Irish legal system. This book provides, for the first time, an English translation of the entire text and all the accompanying glosses and commentary. It also includes an introduction to early Irish society, linguistic and legal notes, and a glossary to the tract.
Culture and Economy, 1400-1800. Essays in Honor of Jan de Vries
Editors: Laura Cruz and Joel Mokyr
It seems undeniable that Jan de Vries has cast an indelible impression upon the field of early modern economic history. With his rejection of traditional models that left pre-industrial Europe with little to no role to play in modern development, de Vries’ work has laid claim to the rich significance of the early modern period as the birth of the contemporary West. Culminating in The Industrious Revolution: Consumer Behavior and the Household Economy 1650 to the Present (2008), his work has changed the way scholars conceptualize and study this dynamic period, as the contributors in this volume attest. Utilizing the methods and concepts pioneered by de Vries, these authors display the depth and breadth of his influence, with applications ranging from trade to architecture, from the Netherlands to China, and from the 1400s to the present day.