Hunting practices have provoked a great number of academic and non-academic discussions, and the tensions inherent in such activities indicate that these discussions will be ongoing. One fascinating aspect of the debate revolves around the often contradictory discourses and
Hunting is a social activity in which camaraderie is typically cited as motivation among contemporary sportsmen (Skogen & Krange, 2003; Stedman & Heberlein, 2001). Tellingly, it is said that hunting requires an audience (Strychacz, 1993). This refers mainly to the display of
Many hypotheses, not necessarily mutually exclusive, exist regarding optimal pack size in wolves (see Fuller et al., 2003 for review). A relatively new idea and emerging area of research related to optimal-pack size is risk to the predator (injury or death) while hunting
Hunting is a popular leisure activity (Christoffersson, 2010). In addition to the actual hunting of nonhuman animals, being part of a group, spending time in the outdoors, and handling guns are other motives for participating in this recreational activity (Harper, Shaw, Fly, & Beaver, 2012
As the Edwardian era came to an end in Britain and its Empire began to decline, the glorious days of tiger hunting in India were being measured against a genuine fear of the total extinction of tigers. This article maps the precarious position of Indian tigers in the hands of hunters against the rising concern over preservation of the species in the first half of the twentieth century. Ranging from the bureaucratic to the overtly sentimental and personal, these attitudes, taken together, reveal a pre-‘Project Tiger’ conservation milieu in colonial India. They help us to judge the cultural status and symbol of the Bengal tiger before it became an iconic species for wildlife conservation in postcolonial India. The various debates and representations of tigers in hunting memoirs often throw light on intricate socio-cultural problems threatening the survival of the cat. In fact, the debates, as much as they spread awareness, ended up strengthening the bureaucratic and sometimes political hold over Indian forests. The article further tracks imperial discourse on the systematization of tiger hunts, which was effectively linked with the preservation of tigers and collaboration with Indians. During the twilight of the British Empire, tiger hunt and tiger conservation would emerge as sites for possible collaboration between Indians and their rulers. As recent efforts at international collaboration to protect tigers have shown, the tiger retains enough sentimental value to secure bureaucratic and political ties between nations.
Humans have hunted nonhuman animals for centuries, and over that period the reasons for hunting have varied and changed depending on the time and context (see Kalof, 2007 ). Reasons for hunting have included sustenance and clothing, economic necessity, pleasure, and a rite of passage (Copp