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G.E. Seidel Jr.

Abstract

People involved with production animal agriculture in the U.S., including owners and workers, are often portrayed as callous to animal welfare. While callous people exist in any population, I maintain that most people who own and work with farm animals do consider animal welfare, both for moral and economic reasons. It is rare that stressed, unhealthy or injured animals are more profitable than healthy, unstressed ones. Furthermore, the owners of farm animals and related facilities overwhelmingly are families or individuals (~97%), not corporations; most owners of so-called industrial farms are but a generation removed from so-called family farms, and most of these owners still have values similar to those of traditional family farms, although their hired workers may not. Farmers need to have income, so husbandry practices need to be profitable for farms to be sustainable. However, production animal agriculture has not been very profitable, partly because most products are commodities, and this low profitability has been a major cause of the huge decrease in numbers of farmers and farm units over the past century. The net result is larger units with less attention paid to individual animals, which can be problematic, but does not necessarily result in decreased animal welfare. Modern genetic tools and facilities can be used to promote animal welfare simultaneously with improving production efficiency and economic viability.

Theodore Hiebert

aim and in its passion, this book is more about modern culture and agriculture than it is about Scripture. Davis wants to wake us up to realize how our modern civilization, in particular its industrialized agriculture, has abused the earth and placed us in mortal danger, and she wants to convince us

Derya Nizam

end-consumers (Wilkinson 2002 ). In summary, industrialized agriculture and its one-sided focus on yields by applying high levels of inputs – such as chemical fertilizer and pesticides – has contributed to the capitalist integration of more farms into agro-industrial production chains. However

Jes Harfeld

with welfare of their own adds to both epistemological and ethical theory. The risk, however, is accepting the framework of industrialized agriculture, which has neither epistemological knowledge nor ethical welfare as an objec- tive. First of all, the overly individual welfare definitions of modern

family farms through contract arrangements. This also allows companies to take advantage of the self-exploitation by small family farms of unpaid and flexible family labor. In other cases, when capital manages to industrialize agricultural production and attain higher productivity than small farms, it

Azmat Gani and Jehad Yasin

. When industry and services growths are added, the coefficient of agriculture declines from around 0.35 to 0.27-0.28. This finding is consistent with the theoretical notion that as countries industrialize, agriculture gets squeezed, with resource transfers taking place from agriculture to industry. In

Ariel Tsovel

-anthropomorphizing manner. Yet, Davison represents a practically wild (feral) animal. Sterchi (1983), another realistic fiction, does refer to the Swiss gradually industrializing agriculture, with some horrifying, vivid descrip- tions of cows and pigs being slaughtered en masse. Yet the major cow char- acter is more of an

Mark Wallace

with local farmers to support regional food production with- out relying on the fuel-intensive and land-depleting practices within the globalized food economy. Th rough buying local food and avoiding reli- ance on ecologically destructive industrialized agriculture, the Co-op is an exercise in

engaged in consul- tations on proposals to launch a series of prospective studies by national research institutions that would specify the likely developments until the year 2000 in a variety of sectors, including urbanization, industrialization, agricultural development, transportation (maritime and

Series:

Bernard McKenna

as Charles Massy (2017) , a farmer-scientist-philosopher, argue that we need regenerativity based on an understanding of how nature works, not on industrialised agriculture, to restore the earth and seas to pre-industrial levels. STEP 7 Wise leaders will encourage dialogue that produces enhanced