first looks at the outcomes of Katowice in the context of the Paris Agreement and then dives deeper into the various decisions adopted during cop -24. On this basis, the paper concludes with an analysis of these results within the context of broader international climate policy trends. 2 The
Charlotte Streck, Moritz von Unger and Nicole Krämer
Frederic Rudolph, Rie Watanabe, Christof Arens, Dagmar Kiyar, Hanna Wang-Helmreich, Sylvia Borbonus, Florian Mersmann, Wolfgang Sterk and Urda Eichhorst
MARTINUS NI]HOFF PUBLISHERS jEEPL 7.2 (20IO) 20I-2I9 OURNAL FOR E URQPEAN ENVIRONMENTAL& PLANNING AW Deadlocks of International Climate Policy- An Assessment of the Copenhagen Climate Summit Wolfgang Sterk, Christof Arens, Sylvia Borbonus, Urda Eichhorst, Dagmar Kiyar, Florian Mersmann
Charlotte Streck, Paul Keenlyside and Moritz von Unger
mitigation regime, and the third discusses the pa in the context of international climate policy. 2 The Architecture of the Paris Agreement 2.1 Overall Approach In contrast to the Kyoto Protocol, the pa does not establish emission reduction and limitation targets for individual Parties
For decades the eu claimed for itself political leadership in fighting climate change. Less than two years from now to the global climate conference in Paris (in 2015), however, the eu’s climate policy stands at a cross roads: The eu can leave its impact weak or it decides to strengthen it showing global leadership in international climate policy making again. The situation is similar in Germany. Europe’s self-styled climate policy leader and architect of an economy-wide energy transformation (“Energiewende”) that followed the Fukushima events in 2011, the country now finds itself embattled by industry, political interest groups and consumers, and it risks losing track. If political leaders wish to save the “Energiewende” – certainly one of the boldest political reforms in decades – they need to get serious about putting it into practice.
This article argues that the Kyoto Protocol to the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was doomed to fail ab initio because it systematically misunderstood the nature of climate change as a policy issue between 1985 and 2009. It explains why this is the case by analyzing the Kyoto Protocol’s shortcomings and defi ciencies. Moving the climate change agenda forward multilaterally among the 195 parties to the UNFCCC is proving to be a serious challenge. The lack of progress in UNFCCC negotiations in recent years, especially the failure to obtain an international agreement on emissions limitations targets and timetables by all major developed and developing country emitters, has led many to question whether the UNFCCC is, in fact, the best and most eff ective forum for mobilizing a global response to climate change. The current approach to negotiating a comprehensive, universal, and legally binding global agreement on climate change is unlikely to succeed. The near-disaster 2009 Conference of the Parties-15 in Copenhagen empirically demonstrated that the UN machinery is incapable of moving forward fast enough to produce a global climate deal. Moreover, international climate policy, as it has been understood and practiced by many governments of the world under the Kyoto Protocol approach, has failed to produce any discernable real world reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases since the mid 1990s. Part 2 is devoted to the main legal, structural, and policy responses to climate change by providing an analysis of most Conferences of the Parties. Part 3 provides then an analysis of the Kyoto Protocol. Part 4 then analyzes the position of the three main players in climate change: the U.S., China, and the European Union. The article concludes with some recommendations for the future.
Morgenstern works in the division for “International Climate Policy” at the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. He began following the international climate negotiations in 2009 when reasearching for his dissertation in international climate law
Policy The European Commission has issued a Communication on the international climate policy post-Copenhagen. ll The Communication sets a strategy to tackle global climate change. The primary objective of the EU is to reach a legally binding agreement under the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework
Analysis, Emissions trading, International Climate Policy. Michael S. Wenk is the Global Regulatory A ﬀ airs Technical Leader for Kimberly-Clark in Atlanta. Mr. Wenk is responsible for all aspects of global product registration of biocidal, anti-microbial and other products for an $ 18 BUSD health, hygiene